Towards long-term standardised carbon and greenhouse gas observations for monitoring Europe's terrestrial ecosystems : a review

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Franz , D , Acosta , M , Altimir , N , Arriga , N , Arrouays , D , Aubinet , M , Aurela , M , Ayres , E , Lopez-Ballesteros , A , Barbaste , M , Berveiller , D , Biraud , S , Boukir , H , Brown , T , Bruemmer , C , Buchmann , N , Burba , G , Carrara , A , Cescatti , A , Ceschia , E , Clement , R , Cremonese , E , Crill , P , Darenova , E , Dengel , S , D'Odorico , P , Filippa , G , Fleck , S , Fratini , G , Fuss , R , Gielen , B , Gogo , S , Grace , J , Graf , A , Grelle , A , Gross , P , Gruenwald , T , Haapanala , S , Hehn , M , Heinesch , B , Heiskanen , J , Herbst , M , Herschlein , C , Hortnagl , L , Hufkens , K , Ibrom , A , Jolivet , C , Joly , L , Jones , M , Kiese , R , Klemedtsson , L , Kljun , N , Klumpp , K , Kolari , P , Kolle , O , Kowalski , A , Kutsch , W , Laurila , T , de Ligne , A , Linder , S , Lindroth , A , Lohila , A , Longdoz , B , Mammarella , I , Manise , T , Maranon Jimenez , S , Matteucci , G , Mauder , M , Meier , P , Merbold , L , Mereu , S , Metzger , S , Migliavacca , M , Molder , M , Montagnani , L , Moureaux , C , Nelson , D , Nemitz , E , Nicolini , G , Nilsson , M B , Op de Beeck , M , Osborne , B , Lofvenius , M O , Pavelka , M , Peichl , M , Peltola , O , Pihlatie , M , Pitacco , A , Pokorny , R , Pumpanen , J , Ratie , C , Rebmann , C , Roland , M , Sabbatini , S , Saby , N P A , Saunders , M , Schmid , H P , Schrumpf , M , Sedlak , P , Serrano Ortiz , P , Siebicke , L , Sigut , L , Silvennoinen , H , Simioni , G , Skiba , U , Sonnentag , O , Soudani , K , Soule , P , Steinbrecher , R , Tallec , T , Thimonier , A , Tuittila , E-S , Tuovinen , J-P , Vestin , P , Vincent , G , Vincke , C , Vitale , D , Waldner , P , Weslien , P , Wingate , L , Wohlfahrt , G , Zahniser , M & Vesala , T 2018 , ' Towards long-term standardised carbon and greenhouse gas observations for monitoring Europe's terrestrial ecosystems : a review ' , International Agrophysics , vol. 32 , no. 4 , pp. 439-455 . https://doi.org/10.1515/intag-2017-0039

Title: Towards long-term standardised carbon and greenhouse gas observations for monitoring Europe's terrestrial ecosystems : a review
Author: Franz, Daniela; Acosta, Manuel; Altimir, Nuria; Arriga, Nicola; Arrouays, Dominique; Aubinet, Marc; Aurela, Mika; Ayres, Edward; Lopez-Ballesteros, Ana; Barbaste, Mireille; Berveiller, Daniel; Biraud, Sebastien; Boukir, Hakima; Brown, Timothy; Bruemmer, Christian; Buchmann, Nina; Burba, George; Carrara, Arnaud; Cescatti, Allessandro; Ceschia, Eric; Clement, Robert; Cremonese, Edoardo; Crill, Patrick; Darenova, Eva; Dengel, Sigrid; D'Odorico, Petra; Filippa, Gianluca; Fleck, Stefan; Fratini, Gerardo; Fuss, Roland; Gielen, Bert; Gogo, Sebastien; Grace, John; Graf, Alexander; Grelle, Achim; Gross, Patrick; Gruenwald, Thomas; Haapanala, Sami; Hehn, Markus; Heinesch, Bernard; Heiskanen, Jouni; Herbst, Mathias; Herschlein, Christine; Hortnagl, Lukas; Hufkens, Koen; Ibrom, Andreas; Jolivet, Claudy; Joly, Lilian; Jones, Michael; Kiese, Ralf; Klemedtsson, Leif; Kljun, Natascha; Klumpp, Katja; Kolari, Pasi; Kolle, Olaf; Kowalski, Andrew; Kutsch, Werner; Laurila, Tuomas; de Ligne, Anne; Linder, Sune; Lindroth, Anders; Lohila, Annalea; Longdoz, Bernhard; Mammarella, Ivan; Manise, Tanguy; Maranon Jimenez, Sara; Matteucci, Giorgio; Mauder, Matthias; Meier, Philip; Merbold, Lutz; Mereu, Simone; Metzger, Stefan; Migliavacca, Mirco; Molder, Meelis; Montagnani, Leonardo; Moureaux, Christine; Nelson, David; Nemitz, Eiko; Nicolini, Giacomo; Nilsson, Mats B.; Op de Beeck, Maarten; Osborne, Bruce; Lofvenius, Mikaell Ottosson; Pavelka, Marian; Peichl, Matthias; Peltola, Olli; Pihlatie, Mari; Pitacco, Andrea; Pokorny, Radek; Pumpanen, Jukka; Ratie, Celine; Rebmann, Corinna; Roland, Marilyn; Sabbatini, Simone; Saby, Nicolas P. A.; Saunders, Matthew; Schmid, Hans Peter; Schrumpf, Marion; Sedlak, Pavel; Serrano Ortiz, Penelope; Siebicke, Lukas; Sigut, Ladislav; Silvennoinen, Hanna; Simioni, Guillaume; Skiba, Ute; Sonnentag, Oliver; Soudani, Kamel; Soule, Patrice; Steinbrecher, Rainer; Tallec, Tiphaine; Thimonier, Anne; Tuittila, Eeva-Stiina; Tuovinen, Juha-Pekka; Vestin, Patrik; Vincent, Gaelle; Vincke, Caroline; Vitale, Domenico; Waldner, Peter; Weslien, Per; Wingate, Lisa; Wohlfahrt, Georg; Zahniser, Mark; Vesala, Timo
Contributor: University of Helsinki, Institute for Atmospheric and Earth System Research (INAR)
University of Helsinki, INAR Physics
University of Helsinki, Micrometeorology and biogeochemical cycles
University of Helsinki, INAR Physics
University of Helsinki, Micrometeorology and biogeochemical cycles
University of Helsinki, Department of Agricultural Sciences
University of Helsinki, University Management
University of Helsinki, Institute for Atmospheric and Earth System Research (INAR)
Date: 2018-12
Language: eng
Number of pages: 22
Belongs to series: International Agrophysics
ISSN: 0236-8722
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/296509
Abstract: Research infrastructures play a key role in launching a new generation of integrated long-term, geographically distributed observation programmes designed to monitor climate change, better understand its impacts on global ecosystems, and evaluate possible mitigation and adaptation strategies. The pan-European Integrated Carbon Observation System combines carbon and greenhouse gas (GHG; CO2, CH4, N2O, H2O) observations within the atmosphere, terrestrial ecosystems and oceans. High-precision measurements are obtained using standardised methodologies, are centrally processed and openly available in a traceable and verifiable fashion in combination with detailed metadata. The Integrated Carbon Observation System ecosystem station network aims to sample climate and land-cover variability across Europe. In addition to GHG flux measurements, a large set of complementary data (including management practices, vegetation and soil characteristics) is collected to support the interpretation, spatial upscaling and modelling of observed ecosystem carbon and GHG dynamics. The applied sampling design was developed and formulated in protocols by the scientific community, representing a trade-off between an ideal dataset and practical feasibility. The use of open-access, high-quality and multi-level data products by different user communities is crucial for the Integrated Carbon Observation System in order to achieve its scientific potential and societal value.
Subject: ICOS
GHG exchange
carbon cycle
standardised monitoring
observational network
1.5 DEGREES-C
INTERANNUAL VARIABILITY
CO2 EXCHANGE
NET CARBON
PRIMARY PRODUCTIVITY
MEASUREMENT NETWORK
FOREST ECOSYSTEMS
DIOXIDE EXCHANGE
CLIMATE EXTREMES
CH4 EMISSIONS
1172 Environmental sciences
4111 Agronomy
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