Applying behavioral theory to increase mindfulness practice among adolescents : An exploratory intervention study using a within-trial RCT design

Show full item record



Permalink

http://hdl.handle.net/10138/298771

Citation

Beattie , M , Hankonen , N , Salo , G , Knittle , K & Volanen , S-M 2019 , ' Applying behavioral theory to increase mindfulness practice among adolescents : An exploratory intervention study using a within-trial RCT design ' , Mindfulness , vol. 10 , no. 2 , pp. 312-324 . https://doi.org/10.1007/s12671-018-0976-2

Title: Applying behavioral theory to increase mindfulness practice among adolescents : An exploratory intervention study using a within-trial RCT design
Author: Beattie, Marguerite; Hankonen, Nelli; Salo, Gloria; Knittle, Keegan; Volanen, Salla-Maarit
Contributor: University of Helsinki, Academic Disciplines of the Faculty of Social Sciences
University of Helsinki, Social Psychology
University of Helsinki, Research Group of Nelli Hankonen
University of Helsinki, Clinicum
Date: 2019-02
Language: eng
Number of pages: 13
Belongs to series: Mindfulness
ISSN: 1868-8527
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/298771
Abstract: For mindfulness programs to have sustained benefits, participants should continue to practice mindfulness independently. Behavioral theories have been used to predict and change other health behaviors, but have rarely been applied to mindfulness practice. This research aimed to identify predictors/determinants of sustained mindfulness practice after a school-based mindfulness program (Study 1) and to develop and test a booster intervention to increase mindfulness practice (Study 2). These studies were embedded in a larger trial evaluating a school-based mindfulness program involving 12-15year-olds (Healthy Learning Mind, HLM). Study 1 examined theory-based predictors of mindfulness practice among participants in Batch 1 of the HLM trial (n=310). These findings were used to develop a brief motivational booster intervention, which Study 2 evaluated in a within-trial cluster-randomized controlled trial in Batch 3 of the HLM trial (HLM Only arm n=177; HLM+booster arm n=152). In Study 1, 40% of youths reported having practiced mindfulness ata 6-month follow-up. The perception that peers were practicing mindfulness exercises predicted mindfulness practice (=.497, p=.002), and a key self-reported reason for non-practice was that they did not find mindfulness useful. The booster intervention (designed to specifically target these descriptive norms and outcome expectations) demonstrated some positive trends in the determinants of mindfulness practice, but did not increase mindfulness practice. The limited effectiveness of the booster intervention might be explained by the minimal contact time of the booster intervention or its delivery in the later lessons of HLM. This study demonstrates how behavior change theories can be applied to help promote independent mindfulness practice outside of intervention settings.
Subject: 5144 Social psychology
Determinants of mindfulness practice
Health behavior change
Behavioral theory
Theory of planned behavior
Reasoned action approach
School-based program
VOLITIONAL HELP SHEET
PLANNED BEHAVIOR
REASONED ACTION
PHYSICAL-ACTIVITY
SEDENTARY BEHAVIOR
METAANALYSIS
INTENTIONS
WELL
SCHOOLS
Rights:


Files in this item

Total number of downloads: Loading...

Files Size Format View
Beattie2019_Art ... BehavioralTheoryToIncr.pdf 833.5Kb PDF View/Open

This item appears in the following Collection(s)

Show full item record