Characterization of mesenchymal stem cells in continuously growing incisor and skin in Ptch2 -/- mice

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http://urn.fi/URN:NBN:fi:hulib-201903271526
Title: Characterization of mesenchymal stem cells in continuously growing incisor and skin in Ptch2 -/- mice
Author: Banerjee, Rishi
Other contributor: Helsingin yliopisto, Bio- ja ympäristötieteellinen tiedekunta, Bio- ja ympäristötieteellinen tiedekunta
University of Helsinki, Faculty of Biological and Environmental Sciences, Faculty of Biological and Environmental Sciences
Helsingfors universitet, Bio- och miljövetenskapliga fakulteten, Bio- och miljövetenskapliga fakulteten
Publisher: Helsingin yliopisto
Date: 2019
Language: eng
URI: http://urn.fi/URN:NBN:fi:hulib-201903271526
http://hdl.handle.net/10138/300453
Thesis level: master's thesis
Degree program: none
Specialisation: none
Discipline: biotekniikka
Biotechnology
bioteknik
Abstract: After birth, stem cells act as the source of reparative and regenerative potential in various tissues. Among different tissues and organs in human body, tooth is one of the organs which does not undergo continuous regeneration. Therefore, tooth regeneration must be studied in a different animal, which possesses continuously growing teeth. In mouse, the incisor undergoes continuous growth which is fueled by the interaction between epithelial and mesenchymal stem cell compartments located at its apical end. The inferior alveolar nerve, which supports mandibular dentition, and its surrounding blood vessels (combinedly known as neurovascular bundle or NVB) were previously shown to act as a source of the mesenchymal stem cells during incisor growth and regeneration. However, the regulation of the cells in the NVB is not well understood. The primary aim of my master’s thesis was to characterize the effect of the Hh pathway modification on cellular properties of the NVB and the MSCs within it. The Ptch2 KO mouse model used in this study demonstrated increase in the number of blood vessel in the NVB. Additionally, analysis of the structure of skin in the mouse model was the second aim of my project, which showed significant increase in the thickness of the dermis at the postnatal day 1. Collectively, the change in structure of skin and NVB showed that Ptch2 might regulates the cellular properties of tooth mesenchyme and dermis by modulating the structural components of the NVB of continuously growing mice incisor and skin, respectively.
Subject: MSC
Ptch2
Hh


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