Aspects of capacity of entanglement

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de Boer , J , Järvelä , J & Keski-Vakkuri , E 2019 , ' Aspects of capacity of entanglement ' , Physical Review D , vol. 99 , no. 6 , 066012 .

Title: Aspects of capacity of entanglement
Author: de Boer, Jan; Järvelä, Jarkko; Keski-Vakkuri, Esko
Other contributor: University of Helsinki, Department of Physics
University of Helsinki, Department of Physics

Date: 2019-03-27
Language: eng
Number of pages: 34
Belongs to series: Physical Review D
ISSN: 2470-0010
Abstract: Many quantum information theoretic quantities are similar to and/or inspired by thermodynamic quantities, with entanglement entropy being a well-known example. In this paper, we study a less wellknown example, capacity of entanglement, which is the quantum information theoretic counterpart of heat capacity. It can be defined as the second cumulant of the entanglement spectrum and can be loosely thought of as the variance in the entanglement entropy. We review the definition of capacity of entanglement and its relation to various other quantities such as fidelity susceptibility and Fisher information. We then calculate the capacity of entanglement for various quantum systems, conformal and nonconformal quantum field theories in various dimensions, and examine their holographic gravity duals. Resembling the relation between response coefficients and order parameter fluctuations in Landau-Ginzburg theories, the capacity of entanglement in field theory is related to integrated gravity fluctuations in the bulk. We address the question of measurability, in the context of proposals to measure entanglement and Renyi entropies by relating them to U(1) charges fluctuating in and out of a subregion, for systems equivalent to non-interacting fermions. From our analysis, we find universal features in conformal field theories, in particular the area dependence of the capacity of entanglement appears to track that of the entanglement entropy. This relation is seen to be modified under perturbations from conformal invariance. In quenched 1 + 1 dimensional CFTs, we compute the rate of growth of the capacity of entanglement. The result may be used to refine the interpretation of entanglement spreading being carried by ballistic propagation of entangled quasiparticle pairs created at the quench.
114 Physical sciences

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