Finnish EFL Teachers’ Attitudes Towards Using Computer-assisted Language Learning Tools

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Title: Finnish EFL Teachers’ Attitudes Towards Using Computer-assisted Language Learning Tools
Author: Nyairo, Franklin
Contributor: University of Helsinki, Faculty of Arts, Department of Modern Languages
Publisher: Helsingin yliopisto
Date: 2019
Thesis level: master's thesis
Abstract: Computer-assisted language learning (CALL) is an emerging field of research that focusses on how information and communication technologies (ICT) are applied in language teaching and learning. CALL lies at the intersection of several other independent fields of study, i.e. technology, education, and linguistics. The aim of this study is to investigate Finnish EFL teachers’ attitudes and perceptions towards using CALL tools in their classrooms. First, the study presents an overview of the CALL tools that the teachers use in their EFL instruction. Then, it explores the teachers’ reasons behind choosing the said tools. Lastly, this study presents the teachers’ own experiences on the benefits and potential these tools hold in the Finnish comprehensive and upper secondary schools. This study traces the roots and development of the field of CALL and its implications to the theory and practice of technology-enhanced language learning. Evidently, the benefits of using CALL are not limited to the teachers and students but also extend to the other stakeholders in the learning enterprise. For instance, technologies help motivate learners, and promote novel instructional and assessment practices. The study was conducted using both quantitative and qualitative methods in the data collection and analysis. The advantage of using dual instruments of survey and interview helped delve deeper into the subject matter to discover answers to the research problem. With an online survey, the study contacted 687 EFL teachers in Finnish comprehensive and upper secondary school and received 91 respondents. In addition, the study purposively selected four teachers for in-depth interviews. The data was analyzed and presented using descriptive statistics and thematic content analysis. The findings from this study confirm that the use of ICTs in language learning settings continues to grow. In essence, EFL teachers extensively use a variety of CALL tools based on the perceived usefulness and effectiveness in a learning activity. The popular tools are computer applications (word processing) and web resources (audio and video), while mobile applications and social media are rarely used. Secondly, EFL teachers view technologies as complementary tools for instruction, assessment and learning motivation. In most cases, they are confident about integrating the tools in their teaching and learning activities. Furthermore, the teachers hope for more resources and ICT training and support in order to effectively and efficiently use the CALL tools on a wider scale. In conclusion, further research would help establish how teachers have been trained to incorporate technologies in their instructional methodologies and also, there is a need to assess which technologies have a greater impact on attainment of learning objectives.
Subject: computer-assisted language learning
teachers’ attitudes
Discipline: englantilainen filologia
English Philology
Engelsk filologi

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