Action and function of Akkermansia muciniphila in microbiome ecology, health and disease

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Ottman , N , Geerlings , S Y , Aalvink , S , de Vos , W M & Belzer , C 2017 , ' Action and function of Akkermansia muciniphila in microbiome ecology, health and disease ' , Best Practice & Research: Clinical Gastroenterology , vol. 31 , no. 6 , pp. 637-642 . https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bpg.2017.10.001

Title: Action and function of Akkermansia muciniphila in microbiome ecology, health and disease
Author: Ottman, Noora; Geerlings, Sharon Y.; Aalvink, Steven; de Vos, Willem M.; Belzer, Clara
Contributor: University of Helsinki, Medicum
Date: 2017-12
Language: eng
Number of pages: 6
Belongs to series: Best Practice & Research: Clinical Gastroenterology
ISSN: 1521-6918
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/301990
Abstract: The discovery of Akkermansia muciniphila has opened new avenues for the use of this abundant intestinal symbiont in next generation therapeutic products, as well as targeting microbiota dynamics. A. muciniphila is known to colonize the mucosal layer of the human intestine where it triggers both host metabolic and immune responses. A. muciniphila is particularly effective in increasing mucus thickness and increasing gut barrier function. As a result host metabolic markers ameliorate. The mechanism of host regulation is thought to involve the outer membrane composition, including the type IV pili of A. muciniphila, that directly signal to host immune receptors. At the same time the metabolic activity of A. muciniphila leads to the production of short chain fatty acids that are beneficial to the host and microbiota members. This contributes to host-microbiota and microbe-microbe syntrophy The mucolytic activity and metabolite production make A. muciniphila a key species in the mucus layer, stimulating beneficial mucosal microbial networks. This well studied member of the microbiota has been studied in three aspects that will be further described in this review: i) A. muciniphila characteristics and mucin adaptation, ii) its role as key species in the mucosal microbiome, and iii) its role in host health. (C) 2017 Published by Elsevier Ltd.
Subject: Akkermansia muciniphila
Microbiome
Mucus
Pharmabiotic
Probiotic
INFLAMMATORY BOWEL DISEASES
SULFATE-REDUCING BACTERIA
GUT MICROBIOTA
INTESTINAL MICROBIOTA
BACTEROIDES-THETAIOTAOMICRON
ENTERIC PATHOGENS
DIETARY FIBER
MUCUS BARRIER
MUCIN
COLON
3121 General medicine, internal medicine and other clinical medicine
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