Determinants of long-term unemployment in early adulthood : A Finnish birth cohort study

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Lallukka , T , Kerkelä , M , Ristikari , T , Merikukka , M , Hiilamo , H , Virtanen , M , Øverland , S , Gissler , M & Halonen , J I 2019 , ' Determinants of long-term unemployment in early adulthood : A Finnish birth cohort study ' , SSM - Population Health , vol. 8 , 100410 . https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ssmph.2019.100410

Title: Determinants of long-term unemployment in early adulthood : A Finnish birth cohort study
Author: Lallukka, Tea; Kerkelä, Martta; Ristikari, Tiina; Merikukka, Marko; Hiilamo, Heikki; Virtanen, Marianna; Øverland, Simon; Gissler, Mika; Halonen, Jaana I.
Contributor: University of Helsinki, Department of Public Health
University of Helsinki, Social Policy
University of Helsinki, Faculty of Social Sciences
University of Helsinki, Clinicum
Date: 2019-08
Language: eng
Number of pages: 12
Belongs to series: SSM - Population Health
ISSN: 2352-8273
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/303500
Abstract: Cumulative contributions of social and health-related determinants to long-term unemployment during early working life among young adults are poorly understood. Therefore, we used four cumulative indices of both parental and own social and health-related determinants of such unemployment among a cohort which comprised a complete census of children born in Finland in 1987. The cohort participants were registered in the Medical Birth Register, and they were followed-up through 2015 (N = 46 521). We calculated predicted probabilities for long-term unemployment (> 12 months) when participants were 25–28 years. Moreover, we examined whether the associations differed by unemployment at the municipal level. During the follow-up, 4.5% of women and 7.1% of men experienced long-term unemployment. All cumulative indices of parental and own social and health-related determinants predicted the probability of long-term unemployment. The greatest probabilities were observed for own social determinants, both in municipalities with high and low unemployment although the probabilities were higher in the high-unemployment municipalities. Of the individual determinants, poor school performance showed the strongest association with long-term unemployment among women (OR 6.65, 95% CI 5.21–8.55) and men (OR 3.70, 95% CI 2.96–4.67), after adjusting for other own social determinants. The results highlight the importance of life course social equality in the prevention of long-term unemployment in early adulthood.
Subject: 5142 Social policy
3142 Public health care science, environmental and occupational health
Social determinants
Psychiatric diagnoses
Teen-age pregnancies
School performance
Register-based
Child protection action
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