A migration-associated supergene reveals loss of biocomplexity in Atlantic cod

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Kess , T , Bentzen , P , Lehnert , S J , Sylvester , E V A , Lien , S , Kent , M P , Sinclair-Waters , M , Morris , C J , Regular , P , Fairweather , R & Bradbury , I R 2019 , ' A migration-associated supergene reveals loss of biocomplexity in Atlantic cod ' , Science Advances , vol. 5 , no. 6 , 2461 . https://doi.org/10.1126/sciadv.aav2461

Title: A migration-associated supergene reveals loss of biocomplexity in Atlantic cod
Author: Kess, Tony; Bentzen, Paul; Lehnert, Sarah J.; Sylvester, Emma V.A.; Lien, Sigbjorn; Kent, Matthew P.; Sinclair-Waters, Marion; Morris, Corey J.; Regular, Paul; Fairweather, Robert; Bradbury, Ian R.
Contributor: University of Helsinki, Evolution, Conservation, and Genomics
Date: 2019-06-26
Language: eng
Number of pages: 8
Belongs to series: Science Advances
ISSN: 2375-2548
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/304305
Abstract: Chromosome structural variation may underpin ecologically important intraspecific diversity by reducing recombination within supergenes containing linked, coadapted alleles. Here, we confirm that an ancient chromosomal rearrangement is strongly associated with migratory phenotype and individual genetic structure in Atlantic cod (Gadus morhua) across the Northwest Atlantic. We reconstruct trends in effective population size over the last century and reveal declines in effective population size matching onset of industrialized harvest (after 1950). We find different demographic trajectories between individuals homozygous for the chromosomal rearrangement relative to heterozygous or homozygous individuals for the noninverted haplotype, suggesting different selective histories across the past 150 years. These results illustrate how chromosomal structural diversity can mediate fine-scale genetic, phenotypic, and demographic variation in a highly connected marine species and show how overfishing may have led to loss of biocomplexity within Northern cod stock.
Subject: 1184 Genetics, developmental biology, physiology
EFFECTIVE POPULATION-SIZE
LINKAGE DISEQUILIBRIUM
SELECTIVE SWEEPS
GADUS-MORHUA
R PACKAGE
EVOLUTION
INVERSIONS
DIVERGENCE
SCANS
CONSEQUENCES
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