Description of two Serratia marcescens associated mastitis outbreaks in Finnish dairy farms and a review of literature

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http://hdl.handle.net/10138/307012

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Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica. 2019 Nov 14;61(1):54

Title: Description of two Serratia marcescens associated mastitis outbreaks in Finnish dairy farms and a review of literature
Author: Friman, Mari J; Eklund, Marjut H; Pitkälä, Anna H; Rajala-Schultz, Päivi J; Rantala, Merja H J
Publisher: BioMed Central
Date: 2019-11-14
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/307012
Abstract: Abstract Background Infection with Serratia spp. have been associated with mastitis outbreaks in dairy cattle herds. Environmental contamination or a point source, like a teat dip product, have often been observed to be potential sources of such outbreaks. We describe two Serratia marcescens associated mastitis outbreaks associated with a contaminated teat dip containing a tertiary alkyl amine, n,n-bis (3-aminopropyl) dodecylamine in two dairy cattle farms in Finland. S. marcescens strains isolated from milk and environmental samples were identified by the MALDI-TOF method. Results Six specimens (n = 19) on Herd 1 and all specimens (n = 9) on Herd 2 were positive for S. marcescens. Positive specimens were from mastitis milk and teat dip liquid and equipment. Bacteria were not isolated from the unopened teat dip canister. The same clone of S. marcescens was isolated from milk samples and teat dip samples within the farms. Pulsed field gel electrophoresis results to the S. marcescens isolates from these two different herds were tested with unweighted pair-group method using arithmetic average clustering analysis. The isolates were not same clone in both herds, because similarity in that test was only 75% when cut-off value to similarity is 85%. Conclusions Our investigation showed that the post milking teat dip and/or temporary containers were contaminated with S. marcescens and these were most likely the sources for new mastitis cases. The negative result from the unopened teat dip canister and positive results from refillable containers demonstrated that the product itself was not contaminated with S. marcescens at the production unit, but became contaminated at the farm level.
Subject: Bovine mastitis disinfectant
Outbreak
Serratia marcescens
Teat dip
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