ADHD and Subthreshold Symptoms in Childhood and Life Outcomes at 40 Years in a Prospective Birth-Risk Cohort

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http://hdl.handle.net/10138/307886

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Schiavone , N , Virta , M , Leppämäki , S , Launes , J , Vanninen , R , Tuulio-Henriksson , A , Immonen , S , Järvinen , I , Lehto , E , Michelsson , K & Hokkanen , L 2019 , ' ADHD and Subthreshold Symptoms in Childhood and Life Outcomes at 40 Years in a Prospective Birth-Risk Cohort ' , Psychiatry Research , vol. 281 , 112574 . https://doi.org/10.1016/j.psychres.2019.112574

Title: ADHD and Subthreshold Symptoms in Childhood and Life Outcomes at 40 Years in a Prospective Birth-Risk Cohort
Author: Schiavone, Nella; Virta, Maarit; Leppämäki, Sami; Launes, Jyrki; Vanninen, Ritva; Tuulio-Henriksson, Annamari; Immonen, Satu; Järvinen, Ilkka; Lehto, Eliisa; Michelsson, Katarina; Hokkanen, Laura
Contributor: University of Helsinki, Medicum
University of Helsinki, Medicum
University of Helsinki, HUS Psychiatry
University of Helsinki, Medicum
University of Helsinki, Department of Psychology and Logopedics
University of Helsinki, Department of Psychology and Logopedics
University of Helsinki, Medicum
University of Helsinki, Department of Psychology and Logopedics
University of Helsinki, HUS Children and Adolescents
University of Helsinki, Department of Psychology and Logopedics
Date: 2019-11
Language: eng
Number of pages: 8
Belongs to series: Psychiatry Research
ISSN: 0165-1781
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/307886
Abstract: We investigated ADHD symptoms and life outcomes in adulthood and their association with childhood ADHD and subthreshold symptoms in a prospectively followed cohort with perinatal risks. We identified participants with childhood ADHD (cADHD, n = 37), subthreshold symptoms defined as attention problems (cAP, n = 64), and no ADHD or cAP (Non-cAP, n = 217). We compared the groups and a control group with no perinatal risks (n = 64) on self-reported ADHD symptoms, executive dysfunction, and life outcomes in adulthood. At age 40, 21.6% of the cADHD, 6.3% of the cAP, 6.0% of the Non-cAP group, and 1.6% of the controls reached a screener cutoff for possible ADHD. The cADHD group had lower educational level, more ADHD symptoms and executive dysfunction, and higher rates of drug use than the other groups. Childhood ADHD associated with perinatal risks persists into midlife whereas childhood subthreshold ADHD symptoms in this cohort were not associated with negative outcomes in adulthood.
Subject: 3124 Neurology and psychiatry
Attention Deficit Disorder with Hyperactivity
Adult
Executive Function
Self Report
Attention
Cohort Studies
Attention deficit disorder with hyperactivity
AGE-DEPENDENT DECLINE
Executive function
Self report
YOUNG ADULTHOOD
DEFICIT HYPERACTIVITY DISORDER
REPORT SCALE ASRS
TRAJECTORIES
REPRESENTATIVE SAMPLE
ADULT ADHD
ATTENTION-DEFICIT/HYPERACTIVITY DISORDER
Cohort studies
BOYS
LATE-ONSET
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