Sarcopenia: revised European consensus on definition and diagnosis

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http://hdl.handle.net/10138/308473

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THE EUROPEAN WORKING GROUP ON SARCOPENIA IN OLDER PEOPLE 2 (EWGSOP2) , THE EXTENDED GROUP FOR EWGSOP2 , Cruz-Jentoft , A J , Bahat , G , Bauer , J , Boirie , Y , Bruyere , O , Cederholm , T , Cooper , C , Landi , F , Rolland , Y , Sayer , A A , Schneider , S M , Sieber , C C , Topinkova , E , Vandewoude , M , Visser , M , Zamboni , M & Pitkälä , K H 2019 , ' Sarcopenia: revised European consensus on definition and diagnosis ' , Age and Ageing , vol. 48 , no. 1 , pp. 16-31 . https://doi.org/10.1093/ageing/afy169

Title: Sarcopenia: revised European consensus on definition and diagnosis
Author: THE EUROPEAN WORKING GROUP ON SARCOPENIA IN OLDER PEOPLE 2 (EWGSOP2); THE EXTENDED GROUP FOR EWGSOP2; Cruz-Jentoft, Alfonso J.; Bahat, Gülistan; Bauer, Jürgen; Boirie, Yves; Bruyere, Olivier; Cederholm, Tommy; Cooper, C.; Landi, Francesco; Rolland, Yves; Sayer, Avan Aihie; Schneider, Stephane M.; Sieber, Cornel C.; Topinkova, Eva; Vandewoude, Maurits; Visser, Marjolen; Zamboni, Mauro; Pitkälä, Kaisu Hannele
Contributor organization: University Management
Department of General Practice and Primary Health Care
HUS Helsinki and Uusimaa Hospital District
Teachers' Academy
Date: 2019-01
Language: eng
Number of pages: 16
Belongs to series: Age and Ageing
ISSN: 0002-0729
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1093/ageing/afy169
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/308473
Abstract: Background in 2010, the European Working Group on Sarcopenia in Older People (EWGSOP) published a sarcopenia definition that aimed to foster advances in identifying and caring for people with sarcopenia. In early 2018, the Working Group met again (EWGSOP2) to update the original definition in order to reflect scientific and clinical evidence that has built over the last decade. This paper presents our updated findings. Objectives to increase consistency of research design, clinical diagnoses and ultimately, care for people with sarcopenia. Recommendations sarcopenia is a muscle disease (muscle failure) rooted in adverse muscle changes that accrue across a lifetime; sarcopenia is common among adults of older age but can also occur earlier in life. In this updated consensus paper on sarcopenia, EWGSOP2: (1) focuses on low muscle strength as a key characteristic of sarcopenia, uses detection of low muscle quantity and quality to confirm the sarcopenia diagnosis, and identifies poor physical performance as indicative of severe sarcopenia; (2) updates the clinical algorithm that can be used for sarcopenia case-finding, diagnosis and confirmation, and severity determination and (3) provides clear cut-off points for measurements of variables that identify and characterise sarcopenia. Conclusions EWGSOP2's updated recommendations aim to increase awareness of sarcopenia and its risk. With these new recommendations, EWGSOP2 calls for healthcare professionals who treat patients at risk for sarcopenia to take actions that will promote early detection and treatment. We also encourage more research in the field of sarcopenia in order to prevent or delay adverse health outcomes that incur a heavy burden for patients and healthcare systems.
Description: Correction: Volume: 48 Issue: 4 Article Number: UNSP 601 DOI: 10.1093/ageing/afz046
Subject: 3121 General medicine, internal medicine and other clinical medicine
SARCOPENIA
MUSCLE STRENGTH
PHYSICAL PERFORMANCE
muscle assessment
EWGSOP2
Older people
SKELETAL-MUSCLE MASS
BIOELECTRICAL-IMPEDANCE ANALYSIS
OF-LIFE QUESTIONNAIRE
LOWER-EXTREMITY FUNCTION
ADIPOSE-TISSUE VOLUMES
APPENDICULAR LEAN MASS
DWELLING OLDER-PEOPLE
ALL-CAUSE MORTALITY
COMPUTED-TOMOGRAPHY
GRIP STRENGTH
sarcopenia
muscle strength
physical performance
muscle assessment
EWGSOP2
older people
SKELETAL-MUSCLE MASS
BIOELECTRICAL-IMPEDANCE ANALYSIS
OF-LIFE QUESTIONNAIRE
LOWER-EXTREMITY FUNCTION
ADIPOSE-TISSUE VOLUMES
APPENDICULAR LEAN MASS
DWELLING OLDER-PEOPLE
ALL-CAUSE MORTALITY
COMPUTED-TOMOGRAPHY
GRIP STRENGTH
Peer reviewed: Yes
Rights: cc_by_nc
Usage restriction: openAccess
Self-archived version: publishedVersion


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