Acute phase response and clinical manifestation in outbreaks of interdigital phlegmon in dairy herds

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Kontturi , M , Junni , R , Kujala-Wirth , M , Malinen , E , Seuna , E , Pelkonen , S , Soveri , T & Simojoki , H 2020 , ' Acute phase response and clinical manifestation in outbreaks of interdigital phlegmon in dairy herds ' , Comparative Immunology, Microbiology and Infectious Diseases , vol. 68 , 101375 . https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cimid.2019.101375

Title: Acute phase response and clinical manifestation in outbreaks of interdigital phlegmon in dairy herds
Author: Kontturi, Miia; Junni, Reijo; Kujala-Wirth, Minna; Malinen, Erja; Seuna, Eija; Pelkonen, Sinikka; Soveri, Timo; Simojoki, Heli
Contributor: University of Helsinki, Production Animal Medicine
University of Helsinki, Production Animal Medicine
University of Helsinki, Production Animal Medicine
University of Helsinki, Finnish Food Authority
University of Helsinki, Production Animal Medicine
University of Helsinki, Helsinki One Health (HOH)
Date: 2020-02
Language: eng
Number of pages: 7
Belongs to series: Comparative Immunology, Microbiology and Infectious Diseases
ISSN: 0147-9571
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/310647
Abstract: Several Finnish dairy herds have suffered from outbreaks of interdigital phlegmon (IP). In these new types of outbreaks, morbidity was high and clinical signs severe, resulting in substantial economic losses for affected farms. In our study, we visited 18 free stall dairy herds experiencing an outbreak of IP and 3 control herds without a similar outbreak. From a total of 203 sampled cows, 60 suffered from acute stage IP. We demonstrated that acute phase response of bovine IP was evident and therefore an appropriate analgesic should be administered in the treatment of affected animals. The response was most apparent in herds with high morbidity in IP and with a bacterial infection comprising Fusobacterium necrophorum and Dichelobacter nodosus, indicating that combination of these two bacterial species affect the severity of the disease.
Subject: interdigital phlegmon
foot rot
interdigital necrobacillosis
foul-in-the-foot
acute phase response
serum amyloid A
haptoglobin
albumin
infectious hoof disease
DIGITAL DERMATITIS
FUSOBACTERIUM-NECROPHORUM
FOOT-ROT
BACTEROIDES-MELANINOGENICUS
CATTLE
PROTEINS
LAMENESS
LESIONS
COWS
NECROBACILLOSIS
413 Veterinary science
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