Intuitive and Deliberative Empathizers and Systemizers

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http://hdl.handle.net/10138/311304

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Svedholm-Hakkinen , A M & Lindeman , M 2017 , ' Intuitive and Deliberative Empathizers and Systemizers ' , Journal of Personality , vol. 85 , no. 5 , pp. 593-602 . https://doi.org/10.1111/jopy.12263

Title: Intuitive and Deliberative Empathizers and Systemizers
Author: Svedholm-Hakkinen, Annika M.; Lindeman, Marjaana
Contributor: University of Helsinki, Medicum
University of Helsinki, Medicum
Date: 2017-10
Language: eng
Number of pages: 10
Belongs to series: Journal of Personality
ISSN: 0022-3506
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/311304
Abstract: ObjectiveRecent findings suggest there may be some overlap between individual differences in orientations for intuitive thinking and empathizing, and between deliberative thinking and systemizing. This overlap is surprising, given that intuitive and deliberative thinking derive from dual-process theories that concern domain-general types of processing, whereas theoretically, empathizing and systemizing are domain-specific orientations for understanding people and lawful physical phenomena. MethodThe present studies (Study 1: N=2,789, Study 2: N=87; Finnish volunteers ages 15-69, 65% females) analyzed each of these four constructs using self-report as well as performance measures. ResultsConfirmatory factor analysis showed that systemizing was strongly and positively related to deliberative thinking and negatively related to intuitive thinking. Empathizing was negatively related to deliberative thinking, whereas no association between empathizing and intuition was found. However, some deliberative aspects and some intuitive aspects were involved in empathizing. ConclusionsThe findings indicate that a distinction between intuitive empathizing and deliberative systemizing is not warranted.
Subject: Dual-process theory
intuitive
deliberative
empathizing
systemizing
HIGH-FUNCTIONING AUTISM
NORMAL SEX-DIFFERENCES
MALE BRAIN THEORY
ASPERGER-SYNDROME
SYSTEMATIZING QUOTIENT
INDIVIDUAL-DIFFERENCES
SOCIAL COGNITION
PSYCHOMETRIC ANALYSIS
MENTAL ROTATIONS
DECISION-MAKING
515 Psychology
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