Problem gambling and support preferences among Finnish prisoners: a pilot study in an adult correctional population

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http://hdl.handle.net/10138/312508

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Kalle , L , H. , S A (ed.) , Johanna , J-T 2019 , ' Problem gambling and support preferences among Finnish prisoners: a pilot study in an adult correctional population ' , International journal of prisoner health , vol. 15 , no. 4 , pp. 316-331 . https://doi.org/10.1108/IJPH-07-2018-0041

Title: Problem gambling and support preferences among Finnish prisoners: a pilot study in an adult correctional population
Author: Kalle, Lind; Johanna, Järvinen-Tassopoulos
Other contributor: University of Helsinki, Faculty of Social Sciences
H., Salonen Anne

Hannu, Alho
Sari, Castrén
Date: 2019-12-05
Language: eng
Number of pages: 16
Belongs to series: International journal of prisoner health
ISSN: 1744-9200
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1108/IJPH-07-2018-0041
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/312508
Abstract: Purpose The purpose of this paper is to explore the prevalence of potential problem gambling among Finnish prisoners; the associations between problem gambling and demographics, substance use and crime-related factors; and problem gamblers’ support preferences.Design/methodology/approach Prisoners (n=96) from two Finnish prisons were recruited between December 2017 and January 2018. The estimated response rate was 31 percent. Gambling problems were measured using the Brief Biosocial Gambling Screen. The participants were asked to report their gambling both for one year prior to their incarceration and for the past year. The independent variables were demographics (age, gender and marital status), substance use (alcohol, smoking and narcotics) and crime-related factors (crime type, prison type and previous sentence). Statistical significance (p) was determined using Fischer’s exact test.Findings Past-year pre-conviction problem gambling prevalence was 16.3 percent and past-year prevalence 15 percent. Age, gender, smoking, alcohol or illicit drug use were not associated with past-year problem gambling before sentencing. One-third of the prisoners (33.3 percent) who were sentenced for a property crime, financial crime or robbery were problem gamblers. One-quarter (24 percent) of all participants showed an interest in receiving support by identifying one or more support preferences. The most preferred type of support was group support in its all forms.Research limitations/implications It is recommended that correctional institutions undertake systematic screening for potential problem gambling, and implement tailored intervention programs for inmates with gambling problems.Originality/value This study provides a deeper understanding of problem gambling in prisons. Problem gambling is associated with crime and also seems to be linked with serving a previous sentence. Early detection and tailored interventions for problem gambling may help to reduce reoffending rates.
Subject: 5145 Social work
Prisoners
Quantitative research
Substance use
Problem gambling
Addiction treatment
Criminal behaviour
CRIMINAL BEHAVIOR
PREVALENCE
COMMUNITY
CRIME
RISK
METAANALYSIS
DEPENDENCE
DISORDERS
GAMBLERS
SCREEN
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