Comparison between recent and long-term physical activity levels as predictors of cardiometabolic risk : a cohort study

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http://hdl.handle.net/10138/315779

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Leskinen , T , Stenholm , S , Pulakka , A , Pentti , J , Kivimäki , M & Vahtera , J 2020 , ' Comparison between recent and long-term physical activity levels as predictors of cardiometabolic risk : a cohort study ' , BMJ Open , vol. 10 , no. 2 , 033797 . https://doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2019-033797

Title: Comparison between recent and long-term physical activity levels as predictors of cardiometabolic risk : a cohort study
Author: Leskinen, Tuija; Stenholm, Sari; Pulakka, Anna; Pentti, Jaana; Kivimäki, Mika; Vahtera, Jussi
Contributor: University of Helsinki, Clinicum
University of Helsinki, Clinicum
Date: 2020-02
Language: eng
Number of pages: 5
Belongs to series: BMJ Open
ISSN: 2044-6055
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/315779
Abstract: Objective To compare recent and long-term physical activity levels as predictors of cardiometabolic risk in a risk factor-free adult population. Design A 12-year prospective cohort study. Setting The Finnish Public Sector study with surveys conducted in four waves at 4-year intervals. Participants 19 230 participants (mean age 50.2 (SD 9.1) years, 84% women) with no prevalent cardiometabolic risk factors at wave 3 were included. Physical activity was assessed at waves 1, 2 and 3. The long-term physical activity level was determined as the mean of activity from wave 1 to 3 (over 8 years). Outcome measure 4-year incidence of cardiometabolic risk factors (obesity, hypertension, dyslipidaemia and diabetes) after wave 3, measured individually and as a sum (accumulation of two or more risk factors vs none). Logistic and multinomial logistic regression analyses were used for the analysis. Results Graded associations between higher physical activity levels and lower odds of all risk factors were observed (p for trend = 60 metabolic equivalent (MET)-hours/week), those who were persistently inactive (= 2 risk factors). Conclusion Cardiometabolic risk associated with physical inactivity is better captured by repeated measurements of physical activity than by a single measurement of the most recent activity level.
Subject: CARDIOVASCULAR-DISEASE
PREVENTION
MORTALITY
EXERCISE
DIET
3121 General medicine, internal medicine and other clinical medicine
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