A comparative study of variations in arithmetic fluency between Norwegian and Finnish third graders

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Funderud , T , Mononen , R , Radišić , J & Laine , A 2019 , ' A comparative study of variations in arithmetic fluency between Norwegian and Finnish third graders ' , European Journal of Special Needs Education , vol. 34 , no. 5 , pp. 572-585 . https://doi.org/10.1080/08856257.2018.1560618

Title: A comparative study of variations in arithmetic fluency between Norwegian and Finnish third graders
Author: Funderud, Tonje; Mononen, Riikka; Radišić, Jelena; Laine, Anu
Contributor: University of Helsinki, Department of Education
Date: 2019-10-20
Language: eng
Number of pages: 14
Belongs to series: European Journal of Special Needs Education
ISSN: 0885-6257
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/316918
Abstract: The study aimed to investigate variations in addition and subtraction fluency by observing grade three students in Norway (n = 253, M-age = 8.38 y.) and Finland (n = 209, M-age = 9.35 y.) while controlling for their age and non-verbal reasoning. Gender differences were also examined. The focus of the study was on the performance of the low-achieving (LA) students in comparison to the typically achieving (TA) group, not neglecting differences in how early educational support was organised across the two countries. Two-minute speed tests in both addition and subtraction within the 1-20 number range were used to assess fluency. The Finnish students outperformed students in the Norwegian sample both in addition and subtraction fluency. There were more Norwegian students in the LA group (i.e. performance at or below the 25th percentile) in both addition (37.9% vs. 20.1%) and subtraction (39.1% vs. 15.8%). In comparison to the TA students, the LA students made more errors and skipped over more arithmetic tasks in an attempt to solve them. Observed differences are discussed in relation to both country characteristics concerning early mathematics education and early educational support.
Subject: 516 Educational sciences
Arithmetic fluency
arithmetic skills
comparative study
low achievers
third grade students
LEARNING-DISABILITIES
GENDER-DIFFERENCES
CHILDREN
FACT
ACHIEVEMENT
PERFORMANCE
MATHEMATICS
MODEL
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