Incidence Differences Between First Primary Cancers and Second Primary Cancers Following Skin Squamous Cell Carcinoma as Etiological Clues

Show full item record



Permalink

http://hdl.handle.net/10138/319314

Citation

Zheng , G , Sundquist , K , Sundquist , J , Foersti , A , Hemminki , A & Hemminki , K 2020 , ' Incidence Differences Between First Primary Cancers and Second Primary Cancers Following Skin Squamous Cell Carcinoma as Etiological Clues ' , Clinical Epidemiology , vol. 12 , pp. 857-864 . https://doi.org/10.2147/CLEP.S256662

Title: Incidence Differences Between First Primary Cancers and Second Primary Cancers Following Skin Squamous Cell Carcinoma as Etiological Clues
Author: Zheng, Guoqiao; Sundquist, Kristina; Sundquist, Jan; Foersti, Asta; Hemminki, Akseli; Hemminki, Kari
Contributor: University of Helsinki, Department of Oncology
Date: 2020
Language: eng
Number of pages: 8
Belongs to series: Clinical Epidemiology
ISSN: 1179-1349
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/319314
Abstract: Background: Most literature on second primary cancers (SPCs) focuses on possible factors, which may increase the risk of these cancers, and little attention has been paid for the overall incidence differences between first primary cancers (FPCs) and same SPCs. We wanted to compare the incidence rates for all common cancers when these were diagnosed as FPCs and SPCs after invasive and in situ squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) of the skin, which are usually treated by surgery only. Methods: Cancers were identified from the Swedish Cancer Registry from the years 1990 through to 2015, and they included, in addition to skin cancers, 20 male cancers totaling 484,850 patients and 22 female cancers totaling 452,909 patients. Standardized incidence rates and relative risks (RRs) were calculated for sex-specific common cancers as FPC and as SPC after skin SCC. Spearman rank correlations were used in the analysis of incidence ranking of FPC and SPC. Results: Of total, 29,061 men and 23,533 women developed invasive SCC and 27,842 men and 36,383 women in situ SCC. The total number of 20 other male cancers was 484,850 and of 22 female cancers it was 452,909. Rank correlations ranged from 0.90 to 0.96 (P similar to 5x10(-6)), indicating that overall skin SCC did not interfere with SPC formation. The exceptions were increased SPC risks for melanoma, sharing risk factors with skin SCC, and non-Hodgkin and Hodgkin lymphoma, and cancers of the upper aerodigestive tract, connective tissue, and male and female genitals suggesting contribution by skin cancer initiated immune dysfunction. Conclusion: The incidence ranking of SPCs after skin cancers largely follows the incidence ranking of FPCs indicating that overall skin SCC does not greatly interfere with the intrinsic carcinogenic process. The main deviations in incidence between FPC and SPC appeared to be due to shared risk factors or immunological processes promoting immune responsive cancer types.
Subject: skin cancer
second cancer
first primary cancer
immune disturbance
TRANSPLANTATION
GERMAN
RISK
3122 Cancers
Rights:


Files in this item

Total number of downloads: Loading...

Files Size Format View
clep_256662_inc ... imary_cancers_and_seco.pdf 2.356Mb PDF View/Open

This item appears in the following Collection(s)

Show full item record