Biodiversiteetin mittaaminen ja uudet menetelmät

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http://hdl.handle.net/10138/320468

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Vihervaara, Petteri, Kullberg, Peter & Hurskainen, Pekka. 2019. Futura: 3/2019: 16-27. Biodiversiteetin mittaaminen ja uudet menetelmät.

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Title: Biodiversiteetin mittaaminen ja uudet menetelmät
Author: Vihervaara, Petteri; Kullberg, Peter; Hurskainen, Pekka
Date: 2019
Belongs to series: Futura 3/2019
ISSN: 0785-5494
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/320468
Abstract: Our planet is undergoing massive global change. We are increasingly aware of the biodiversity crisis, which raises concerns about the future of nature and humankind. Targets and goals set at several multilateral environmental agreements to stop the crisis have been agreed upon, but their effective follow-up and implementation require relevant and timely biodiversity data. For this purpose, a set of policy-relevant Essential Biodiversity Variables (EBVs), describing the biological state and capturing the major dimensions of biodiversity change, have been proposed. Generating EBVs requires integration of in situ and Earth observation data. The former is collected in the field by experts, citizens, or automatic sensor networks, assisted by new technologies such as eDNA and machine learning, while the latter is measured from space or air, enabled by analysis-ready multi-sensor data and cloud computing services. As a case example for better biodiversity monitoring, the Finnish Ecosystem Observatory (FEO) is proposed. FEO will combine and standardize environmental information from different data sources, making the data, metadata and models openly available and easily accessible to users and policy makers.
Subject (ysa): luonnonsuojelu
kaukokartoitus
satelliitit
koneoppiminen
tekoäly
pilvipalvelut
biodiversiteetti
kestävä kehitys


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