A synthesis on cave-dwelling spiders in Europe

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http://hdl.handle.net/10138/321648

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Mammola , S , Cardoso , P , Ribera , C , Pavlek , M & Isaia , M 2018 , ' A synthesis on cave-dwelling spiders in Europe ' , Journal of Zoological Systematics and Evolutionary Research , vol. 56 , no. 3 , pp. 301-316 . https://doi.org/10.1111/jzs.12201

Title: A synthesis on cave-dwelling spiders in Europe
Author: Mammola, Stefano; Cardoso, Pedro; Ribera, Carles; Pavlek, Martina; Isaia, Marco
Contributor: University of Helsinki, Finnish Museum of Natural History
Date: 2018-08
Language: eng
Number of pages: 16
Belongs to series: Journal of Zoological Systematics and Evolutionary Research
ISSN: 0947-5745
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/321648
Abstract: We provide the first overview on spiders living in subterranean habitats in Europe, including the first European subterranean spider checklist. In Europe, there are 486 spider species known to dwell in caves and other subterranean habitats, distributed across 22 families. Despite a few species being able to colonize caves across the whole continent, approximately 90% of the species show a restricted distribution, occurring exclusively in one or two countries. From a biogeographic perspective, southern Europe emerges as the main hot spot of subterranean spider diversity, showing the highest richness of endemic species. Compared to other temperate regions of the world, some families appear to be well represented and other poorly represented (or lacking) in European subterranean habitats. Overall, it appears that the taxonomical knowledge on subterranean spiders in Europe is sufficient, but not evenly distributed. As this checklist represents a useful baseline for advances in this field, we point out specific areas of interest for future research.
Subject: Araneae
checklist
hypogean habitat
speleobiology
subterranean biology
SUBTERRANEAN ECOSYSTEMS
TROGLOHYPHANTES ARANEAE
HISTORICAL-PERSPECTIVE
GALAPAGOS-ISLANDS
IBERIAN PENINSULA
NORTHERN VIETNAM
PHOLCID SPIDERS
CANARY-ISLANDS
CLIMATE-CHANGE
GENUS DYSDERA
1181 Ecology, evolutionary biology
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