Agroforestry transitions : The good, the bad and the ugly

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Ollinaho , O & Kröger , M 2021 , ' Agroforestry transitions : The good, the bad and the ugly ' , Journal of Rural Studies , vol. 82 , pp. 210-221 .

Title: Agroforestry transitions : The good, the bad and the ugly
Author: Ollinaho, Ossi; Kröger, Markus
Contributor: University of Helsinki, Helsinki Inequality Initiative (INEQ)
University of Helsinki, Global Development Studies
Date: 2021-02
Language: eng
Number of pages: 12
Belongs to series: Journal of Rural Studies
ISSN: 0743-0167
Abstract: This article canvasses the current definitions and framings of “agroforestry” in different academic literature and policies. Three key framings of “agroforestry” are identified in the scholarship and explored for their differences. The findings suggest that the distinct schools of research on “agroforestry” focus on distinct points of departure, and these baseline situations from which transitions to what is called “agroforestry” occur vary in distinct ways from monoculture plantations to primary forests. Political-economic analysis is used to scrutinize three key “agroforestry” transition categories: agroecological, agribusiness, and forest degradation, which the article identifies as agroecoforestry (the good), agrobizforestry (the bad), and agrodeforestry (the ugly) transitions, respectively. Examples of each type are provided based on field research in Brazil, and the results are put into a global perspective. The categories are helpful in identifying the “agroforestry” transitions that are currently marketed as good solutions but might also have negative impacts and in highlighting the agroecological agroforestry transitions that would help simultaneously increase global food production, adapt to and mitigate the climate crisis, and achieve equity and social justice.
Subject: 5141 Sociology
1172 Environmental sciences
4111 Agronomy
4112 Forestry
5171 Political Science
512 Business and Management
5203 Global Development Studies
Sustainable development
Rural transitions
Political economy

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