Genetic population structure constrains local adaptation in sticklebacks

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Kemppainen , P , Li , Z , Rastas , P , Löytynoja , A , Fang , B , Yang , J , Guo , B , Shikano , T & Merilä , J 2021 , ' Genetic population structure constrains local adaptation in sticklebacks ' , Molecular Ecology , vol. 30 , no. 9 , pp. 1946-1961 . https://doi.org/10.1111/mec.15808

Title: Genetic population structure constrains local adaptation in sticklebacks
Author: Kemppainen, Petri; Li, Zitong; Rastas, Pasi; Löytynoja, Ari; Fang, Bohao; Yang, Jing; Guo, Baocheng; Shikano, Takahito; Merilä, Juha
Contributor organization: Ecological Genetics Research Unit
Organismal and Evolutionary Biology Research Programme
Faculty of Biological and Environmental Sciences
Institute of Biotechnology
Bioinformatics
Ari Pekka Löytynoja / Principal Investigator
Date: 2021-05
Language: eng
Number of pages: 16
Belongs to series: Molecular Ecology
ISSN: 0962-1083
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/mec.15808
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/329585
Abstract: Repeated and independent adaptation to specific environmental conditions from standing genetic variation is common. However, if genetic variation is limited, the evolution of similar locally adapted traits may be restricted to genetically different and potentially less optimal solutions or prevented from happening altogether. Using a quantitative trait locus (QTL) mapping approach, we identified the genomic regions responsible for the repeated pelvic reduction (PR) in three crosses between nine-spined stickleback populations expressing full and reduced pelvic structures. In one cross, PR mapped to linkage group 7 (LG7) containing the gene Pitx1, known to control pelvic reduction also in the three-spined stickleback. In the two other crosses, PR was polygenic and attributed to 10 novel QTL, of which 90% were unique to specific crosses. When screening the genomes from 27 different populations for deletions in the Pitx1 regulatory element, these were only found in the population in which PR mapped to LG7, even though the morphological data indicated large-effect QTL for PR in several other populations as well. Consistent with the available theory and simulations parameterized on empirical data, we hypothesize that the observed variability in genetic architecture of PR is due to heterogeneity in the spatial distribution of standing genetic variation caused by >2x stronger population structuring among freshwater populations and >10x stronger genetic isolation by distance in the sea in nine-spined sticklebacks as compared to three-spined sticklebacks.
Subject: convergent evolution
epistasis
local adaptation
pelvic reduction
Pitx1
Pungitius pungitius
1181 Ecology, evolutionary biology
Peer reviewed: Yes
Rights: cc_by
Usage restriction: openAccess
Self-archived version: publishedVersion


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