Mapping hotspots and bundles of forest ecosystem services across the European Union

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Orsi, Francesco et al. 2020. Mapping hotspots and bundles of forest ecosystem services across the European Union. Land Use Policy 99: 104840. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.landusepol.2020.104840

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Title: Mapping hotspots and bundles of forest ecosystem services across the European Union
Author: Orsi, Francesco; Ciolli, Marvo; Primmer, Eeva; Varumo, Liisa; Geneletti, Davide
Publisher: Butterworth Scientific
Date: 2020
Language: en
Belongs to series: Land Use Policy 99 : 104840
ISSN: 1873-5754
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.landusepol.2020.104840
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/330400
Abstract: Forests cover about 40 % of the European Union (EU), providing a wide spectrum of invaluable ecosystem services to more than half a billion people. In order to protect and harness this crucial asset, EU policies are advancing multifunctional management. This study lays a basis for such an effort by mapping the supply of key forest ecosystem services (FES) across the entire EU: wood, water supply, erosion control, pollination, habitat protection, soil formation, climate regulation and recreation. To further support the operationalization of multifunctionality and targeting of policies, our analysis delineates hotspots, assesses synergies and tradeoffs, and identifies spatial bundles. We generated maps at 1-km resolution starting from existing datasets through simple modelling (Tier 1). Out of these maps, we denoted the highest supplying pixels (i.e. top 20 %) as hotspots, and performed correlation analysis to detect synergies and tradeoffs. Finally, we used cluster analysis to identify FES bundles. Our analysis shows that hotspots of single FES are spread across the entire EU and that forests of mountain regions and Central Europe (particularly France, Germany, Slovakia) supply significant amounts of multiple FES. The cluster analysis resulted in four bundles: “balanced” in the northeast, “wood & water” in the center, “soil carbon” in the north and “rural-recreational” in the south. While a purely quantitative analysis of the produced maps may be misleading because of the strong links between FES supply and climatic and socio-economic conditions, overlaying hotspots and bundles with administrative layers can be a first step to inform about the role of different countries and regions in securing the sustainable supply of European FES.
Description: Highlights • Forest ecosystem service (FES) supply varies a lot due to climatic-ecological reasons. • Mountain and central European forests are hotspots of up to 4 FES simultaneously. • Wood, climate regulation, recreation are moderately to strongly positively related. • Central EU hosts a “wood & water” bundle, Southern EU a “rural-recreational” bundle. • Bundle and administrative maps inform on the complementarity of countries’ FES.
Subject: ecosystem service supply
synergies
tradeoffs
multifunctional forest management
forests
soil
forestry
forest ecosystems
climate changes
climate protection
cluster analysis
environmental effects
ecosystem services
recreational use
biodiversity
climate
water services
natural diversity
silviculture
Subject (ysa): metsät
maaperä
metsätalous
metsäekosysteemit
ilmastonmuutokset
ilmastonsuojelu
klusterianalyysi
ympäristövaikutukset
ekosysteemipalvelut
virkistyskäyttö
biodiversiteetti
ilmasto
vesihuolto
luonnon monimuotoisuus
metsänhoito
Rights: CC BY-NC-ND 4.0


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