What conditions favor the influence of seasonally frozen ground on hydrological partitioning? A systematic review

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Ala-Aho et al. 2021. What conditions favor the influence of seasonally frozen ground on hydrological partitioning? A systematic review. Environmental Research Letters 16: 043008. https://doi.org/10.1088/1748-9326/abe82c

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Title: What conditions favor the influence of seasonally frozen ground on hydrological partitioning? A systematic review
Author: Ala-Aho, P; Autio, A; Bhattacharjee, J; Isokangas, E; Kujala, K; Marttila, H; Menberu, M; Meriö, L-J; Postila, H; Rauhala, A; Ronkanen, A-K; Rossi, P. M.; Saari, M; Torabi Haghighi, A; Kløve, B
Publisher: Institute of Physics and IOP Publishing
Date: 2021
Language: en
Belongs to series: Research Letters 16: 043008
ISSN: 1748-9326
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/330774
Abstract: The influence of seasonally frozen ground (SFG) on water, energy, and solute fluxes is important in cold climate regions. The hydrological role of permafrost is now being actively researched, but the influence of SFG has received less attention. Intuitively, SFG restricts (snowmelt) infiltration, thereby enhancing surface runoff and decreasing soil water replenishment and groundwater recharge. However, the reported hydrological effects of SFG remain contradictory and appear to be highly site- and event-specific. There is a clear knowledge gap concerning under what physiographical and climate conditions SFG is more likely to influence hydrological fluxes. We addressed this knowledge gap by systematically reviewing published work examining the role of SFG in hydrological partitioning. We collected data on environmental variables influencing the SFG regime across different climates, land covers, and measurement scales, along with the main conclusion about the SFG influence on the studied hydrological flux. The compiled dataset allowed us to draw conclusions that extended beyond individual site investigations. Our key findings were: (a) an obvious hydrological influence of SFG at small-scale, but a more variable hydrological response with increasing scale of measurement, and (b) indication that cold climate with deep snow and forest land cover may be related to reduced importance of SFG in hydrological partitioning. It is thus increasingly important to understand the hydrological repercussions of SFG in a warming climate, where permafrost is transitioning to seasonally frozen conditions.
Subject: seasonally frozen ground
hydrology
infiltration
frozen soils
snowmelt runoff
soil water
Subject (ysa): hydrologia
maaperä
jäätyminen
routa
lumi
sulaminen
vesi
valunta


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