Middle Holocene Climate Oscillations Recorded in the Western Dvina Lakeland

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Mroczkowska, A.; Pawłowski, D.; Gauthier, E.; Mazurkevich, A.; Luoto, T.P.; Peyron, O.; Kotrys, B.; Brooks, S.J.; Nazarova, L.B.; Syrykh, L.; Dolbunova, E.V.; Thiebaut, E.; Płóciennik, M.; Antczak-Orlewska, O.; Kittel, P. Middle Holocene Climate Oscillations Recorded in the Western Dvina Lakeland. Water 2021, 13, 1611.

Title: Middle Holocene Climate Oscillations Recorded in the Western Dvina Lakeland
Author: Mroczkowska, Agnieszka; Pawłowski, Dominik; Gauthier, Emilie; Mazurkevich, Andrey; Luoto, Tomi P.; Peyron, Odile; Kotrys, Bartosz; Brooks, Stephen J.; Nazarova, Larisa B.; Syrykh, Liudmila; Dolbunova, Ekaterina V.; Thiebaut, Eva; Płóciennik, Mateusz; Antczak-Orlewska, Olga; Kittel, Piotr
Publisher: Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Date: 2021-06-07
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/330860
Abstract: Although extensive archeological research works have been conducted in the Serteya region in recent years, the Holocene climate history in the Western Dvina Lakeland in Western Russia is still poorly understood. The Neolithic human occupation of the Serteyka lake–river system responded to climate oscillations, resulting in the development of a pile-dwelling settlement between 5.9 and 4.2 ka cal BP. In this paper, we present the quantitative paleoclimatic reconstructions of the Northgrippian stage (8.2–4.2 ka cal BP) from the Great Serteya Palaeolake Basin. The reconstructions were created based on a multiproxy (Chironomidae, pollen and Cladocera) approach. The mean July air temperature remained at 17–20 °C, which is similar to the present temperature in the Smolensk Upland. The summer temperature revealed only weak oscillations during 5.9 and 4.2 ka cal BP. A more remarkable feature during those events was an increase in continentality, manifested by a lower winter temperature and lower annual precipitation. During the third, intermediate oscillation in 5.0–4.7 ka cal BP, a rise in summer temperature and stronger shifts in continental air masses were recorded. It is still unclear if the above-described climate fluctuations are linked to the North Atlantic Oscillation and can be interpreted as an indication of Bond events because only a few high-resolution paleoclimatic reconstructions from the region have been presented and these reconstructions do not demonstrate explicit oscillations in the period of 5.9 and 4.2 ka cal BP.

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