Induced Genetic Variations in Fruit Trees Using New Breeding Tools : Food Security and Climate Resilience

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http://hdl.handle.net/10138/333220

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Sattar , M N , Iqbal , Z , Al-Khayri , J M & Jain , S M 2021 , ' Induced Genetic Variations in Fruit Trees Using New Breeding Tools : Food Security and Climate Resilience ' , Plants (Basel) , vol. 10 , no. 7 , 1347 . https://doi.org/10.3390/plants10071347

Titel: Induced Genetic Variations in Fruit Trees Using New Breeding Tools : Food Security and Climate Resilience
Författare: Sattar, Muhammad Naeem; Iqbal, Zafar; Al-Khayri, Jameel M.; Jain, Shri Mohan
Upphovmannens organisation: Department of Agricultural Sciences
Datum: 2021-07
Språk: eng
Sidantal: 36
Tillhör serie: Plants (Basel)
ISSN: 2223-7747
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3390/plants10071347
Permanenta länken (URI): http://hdl.handle.net/10138/333220
Abstrakt: Fruit trees provide essential nutrients to humans by contributing to major agricultural outputs and economic growth globally. However, major constraints to sustainable agricultural productivity are the uncontrolled proliferation of the population, and biotic and abiotic stresses. Tree mutation breeding has been substantially improved using different physical and chemical mutagens. Nonetheless, tree plant breeding has certain crucial bottlenecks including a long life cycle, ploidy level, occurrence of sequence polymorphisms, nature of parthenocarpic fruit development and linkage. Genetic engineering of trees has focused on boosting quality traits such as productivity, wood quality, and resistance to biotic and abiotic stresses. Recent technological advances in genome editing provide a unique opportunity for the genetic improvement of woody plants. This review examines application of the CRISPR-Cas system to reduce disease susceptibility, alter plant architecture, enhance fruit quality, and improve yields. Examples are discussed of the contemporary CRISPR-Cas system to engineer easily scorable PDS genes, modify lignin, and to alter the flowering onset, fertility, tree architecture and certain biotic stresses.
Subject: mutagenesis
TILLING
genome editing
targeted mutation
CRISPR-Cas
transgene-free
fruit trees
RNA-GUIDED ENDONUCLEASE
CRISPR-CAS SYSTEMS
TARGETED MUTAGENESIS
EVOLUTIONARY CLASSIFICATION
TISSUE-CULTURE
DNA REPLICONS
FLORAL-DIP
BABY-BOOM
PLANT
RESISTANCE
11831 Plant biology
Referentgranskad: Ja
Licens: cc_by
Användningsbegränsning: openAccess
Parallelpublicerad version: publishedVersion


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