Meal and Sleep Timing before and during the COVID-19 Pandemic: A Cross-Sectional Anonymous Survey Study from Sweden

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http://hdl.handle.net/10138/333486

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Benedict , C , Brandao , L E , Merikanto , I , Partinen , M , Bjorvatn , B & Cedernaes , J 2021 , ' Meal and Sleep Timing before and during the COVID-19 Pandemic: A Cross-Sectional Anonymous Survey Study from Sweden ' , Clocks & sleep , vol. 3 , no. 2 , pp. 251-258 . https://doi.org/10.3390/clockssleep3020015

Title: Meal and Sleep Timing before and during the COVID-19 Pandemic: A Cross-Sectional Anonymous Survey Study from Sweden
Author: Benedict, Christian; Brandao, Luiz Eduardo; Merikanto, Ilona; Partinen, Markku; Bjorvatn, Bjørn; Cedernaes, Jonathan
Contributor: University of Helsinki, SLEEPWELL Research Program
University of Helsinki, Department of Neurosciences
Date: 2021-06
Language: eng
Number of pages: 8
Belongs to series: Clocks & sleep
ISSN: 2624-5175
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/333486
Abstract: The COVID-19 pandemic and related restrictions, such as stay-at-home-orders, have significantly altered daily routines and lifestyles. Given their importance for metabolic health, we herein compared sleep and meal timing parameters during vs. before the COVID-19 pandemic based on subjective recall, in an anonymous Swedish survey. Among 191 adults (mean age: 47 years; 77.5% females), we show that social jetlag, i.e., the mismatch in sleep midpoint between work and free days, was reduced by about 17 min during the pandemic compared with the pre-pandemic state (p < 0.001). Concomitantly, respondents’ sleep midpoint was shifted toward morning hours during workdays (p < 0.001). A later daily eating midpoint accompanied the shift in sleep timing (p = 0.001). This effect was mainly driven by a later scheduled first meal (p < 0.001). No difference in the timing of the day’s last meal was found (p = 0.814). Although our survey was limited in terms of sample size and by being cross-sectional, our results suggest that the delay in sleep timing due to the COVID-19 pandemic was accompanied by a corresponding shift in the timing of early but not late meals.
Subject: COVID-19 pandemic
LOCKDOWN
SOCIAL JETLAG
Sweden
TIME
anonymous survey
meal timing
sleep timing
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