Comparison of 12 Different Animal Welfare Labeling Schemes in the Pig Sector

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http://hdl.handle.net/10138/333678

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Heinola, K.; Kauppinen, T.; Niemi, J.K.; Wallenius, E.; Raussi, S. Comparison of 12 Different Animal Welfare Labeling Schemes in the Pig Sector. Animals 2021, 11, 2430.

Title: Comparison of 12 Different Animal Welfare Labeling Schemes in the Pig Sector
Author: Heinola, Katriina; Kauppinen, Tiina; Niemi, Jarkko K.; Wallenius, Essi; Raussi, Satu
Publisher: Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Date: 2021-08-18
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/333678
Abstract: Animal welfare labeling schemes have been developed to respond to consumers’ expectations regarding farm animal welfare. They are designed to certify that labeled products comply with certain animal welfare standards. In this study, 12 pig welfare labeling schemes were reviewed, and their criteria related to pig welfare were compared. Information regarding farrowing criteria, space allowance, outdoor access, mutilations, and provision of enrichments and bedding material were gathered from the labels’ internet pages and documentation. The results indicated a substantial variation between the labels in terms of the level of animal welfare they ensure. While certain schemes barely exceeded the minimum standards for the protection of pigs in the European Union, more demanding tiers of the multitier schemes had the potential to improve animal welfare substantially. The most ambitious tiers of multistage schemes were often comparable to organic standards providing outdoor facilities and additional space. The heterogeneity of the labels’ standards complicates the comparison of labels.


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