Data integration and participatory process in developing integrated coastal zone management (ICZM) in the northern Baltic Sea

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http://hdl.handle.net/10138/334569

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Hietala, R., Ijäs, A., Pikner, T. et al. Data integration and participatory process in developing integrated coastal zone management (ICZM) in the northern Baltic Sea. J Coast Conserv 25, 47 (2021). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11852-021-00833-4

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Title: Data integration and participatory process in developing integrated coastal zone management (ICZM) in the northern Baltic Sea
Author: Hietala, Reija; Ijäs, Asko; Pikner, Tarmo; Kull, Anne; Printsmann, Anu; Kuusik, Maila; Fagerholm, Nora; Vihervaara, Petteri; Nordström, Paulina; Kostamo, Kirsi
Publisher: Springer Nature
Date: 2021
Language: en
Belongs to series: Journal of Coastal Conservation 25 (2021), 47
ISSN: 1400-0350
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s11852-021-00833-4
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/334569
Abstract: The Maritime Spatial Planning (MSP) Directive was ratified (2014/89/EU) along the Strategy of the European Union (EU) on the Blue Economy to contribute to the effective management of maritime activities and resources and incorporate the principal elements of Integrated Coastal Zone Management (ICZM) (2002/413/EC) into planning at the land-sea interface. There is a need to develop the ICZM approach throughout Europe to realise the potential for both socio-economic and environmental targets set by the EU and national legislations. In this study, we co-developed different approaches for land-sea interactions in four case areas in Estonia and Finland based on the defined characteristics and key interests derived from local or regional challenges by integrating spatial data on human activities and ecology. Furthermore, four ICZM drafts were co-evaluated by stakeholders and the public using online map-based assessment tools (public participatory GIS). The ICZM approaches of the Estonian cases ranged from the diversification of land use to the enhancement of community-based entrepreneurship. The Finnish cases aimed to define the trends for sustainable marine and coastal tourism and introduce the ecosystem service concept in land use planning. During the project activities, we found that increased communication and exchange of local and regional views and values on the prevailing land-sea interactions were important for the entire process. Thereafter, the ICZM plans were applied to the MSP processes nationally, and they support the sustainable development of coastal areas in Estonia and Finland.
Subject: coastal planning
land-sea interaction
MSP
public participation
sustainable development
Finland
legislation
Estonia
area planning
land use planning
Europe
coastal areas
European Union
EU
Blue Economy
Maritime Spatial Planning Directive
citizens
participation
data integration
integrated coastal zone management
ICZM
northern Baltic Sea
Subject (ysa): meret
aluesuunnittelu
Itämeri
osallistava suunnittelu
rannikkoalueet
osallistuminen
kansalaiset
rannikot
Suomi
Viro
Eurooppa
Euroopan unioni
EU-direktiivit
Itämeri
Pohjoinen Itämeri
Rights: CC BY 4.0


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