European Union legislation on macroalgae products

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http://hdl.handle.net/10138/334632

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Lähteenmäki-Uutela, A., Rahikainen, M., Camarena-Gómez, M.T. et al. European Union legislation on macroalgae products. Aquacult Int 29, 487–509 (2021). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10499-020-00633-x

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Title: European Union legislation on macroalgae products
Author: Lähteenmäki-Uutela, Anu; Rahikainen, Moona; Camarena-Gómez, María Teresa; Piiparinen, Jonna; Spilling, Kristian; Yang, Baoru
Publisher: Springer Nature
Date: 2021
Language: en
Belongs to series: Aquaculture International 29 (2021), 487–509
ISSN: 0967-6120
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s10499-020-00633-x
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/334632
Abstract: Macroalgae-based products are increasing in demand also in Europe. In the European Union, each category of macroalgae-based products is regulated separately. We discuss EU legislation, including the law on medicinal products, foods including food supplements and food additives, feed and feed additives, cosmetics, packaging materials, fertilizers and biostimulants, as well as biofuels. Product safety and consumer protection are the priorities with any new products. Macroalgae products can be sold as traditional herbal medicines. The novel food regulation applies to macroalgae foods that have not previously been used as food, and organic macroalgae are a specific regulatory category. The maximum levels of heavy metals may be a barrier for macroalgae foods, feeds, and fertilizers. Getting health claims approved for foods based on macroalgae is demanding. In addition to the rules on products, the macroalgae business is strongly impacted by the elements of the general regulatory environment such as agricultural/aquacultural subsidies, maritime spatial planning and aquaculture licensing, public procurement criteria, tax schemes, and trade agreements.
Subject: macroalgae
seaweed
regulation
Europe
European Union
medicine
food
feed
cosmetics
fertilizer
biofuel
legislation
foodstuffs
algae
trade agreements
consumer protection policy
EU directives
food production
enterprises
organic food
products
food control and monitoring
foreign substances
additives
Subject (ysa): lannoitteet
kosmeettiset tuotteet
biopolttoaineet
levät
tuotteet
lisäaineet
merilevät
Eurooppa
EU
ravinto
lainsäädäntö
lääkkeet
sääntely
elintarvikkeet
kauppasopimukset
makrolevät
kuluttajansuoja
EU-direktiivit
elintarviketuotanto
yritykset
luomuruoka
tuotteet
elintarvikevalvonta
vierasaineet
lisäaineet
Rights: CC BY 4.0


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