Nitrogen Recovery from Clear‑Cut Forest Runoff Using Biochar: Adsorption–Desorption Dynamics Affected by Water Nitrogen Concentration

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Kakaei Lafdani , E , Laurén , A , Cvetkovic , J , Pumpanen , J , Saarela , T & Palviainen , M 2021 , ' Nitrogen Recovery from Clear‑Cut Forest Runoff Using Biochar: Adsorption–Desorption Dynamics Affected by Water Nitrogen Concentration ' , Water, Air and Soil Pollution , vol. 232 , 432 . https://doi.org/10.1007/s11270-021-05366-y

Title: Nitrogen Recovery from Clear‑Cut Forest Runoff Using Biochar: Adsorption–Desorption Dynamics Affected by Water Nitrogen Concentration
Author: Kakaei Lafdani, Elham; Laurén, Ari; Cvetkovic, Jovana; Pumpanen, Jukka; Saarela, Taija; Palviainen, Marjo
Other contributor: University of Helsinki, Forest Soil Science and Biogeochemistry




Date: 2021-10
Language: eng
Number of pages: 15
Belongs to series: Water, Air and Soil Pollution
ISSN: 0049-6979
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s11270-021-05366-y
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/335193
Abstract: Forest regeneration operations increase the concentration of nitrogen (N) in watercourses especially outside the growing season when traditional biological water protection methods are inefficient. Biochar adsorption-based water treatment could be a solution for nutrient retention. We studied the total nitrogen (TN) and nitrate-nitrogen (NO3--N) adsorption-desorption properties of spruce and birch biochar. The adsorption test was performed under four different initial concentrations of TN (1, 2, 3, and 4 mg L-1) using forest runoff water collected from ditch drains of boreal harvested peatland. The results showed that the TN adsorption amount increased linearly from the lowest to the highest concentration. The maximum adsorption capacity was 2.4 and 3.2 times greater in the highest concentration (4 mg L-1) compared to the lowest concentration (1 mg L-1) in spruce and birch biochar, respectively. The NO3--N adsorption amount of birch biochar increased linearly from 0 to 0.15 mg NO3--N g biochar(-1) when the initial concentration of NO3--N increased from 0.2 to 1.4 mg L-1. However, in spruce biochar, the initial concentration did not affect NO3--N adsorption amount. The results indicate that concentration significantly affects the biochar's capacity to adsorb N from water. The desorption test was performed by adding biochar extracted from the adsorption test into the forest runoff water with low TN concentration (0.2 or 0.35 mg L-1). The desorption results showed that desorption was negligibly small, and it was dependent on the TN concentration for birch biochar. Therefore, biochar can be a complementary method supporting water purification in peatland areas.
Subject: 4112 Forestry
Adsorption-desorption capacity
Forest regeneration
Nutrient retention
Peatland
Water protection
SORPTION
NITRATE
PHOSPHATE
REMOVAL
ADSORBENT
AMMONIUM
BIOAVAILABILITY
DISCHARGE
CAPACITY
BEHAVIOR
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