Decision-support tools used in the Baltic Sea area: performance and end-user preferences

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http://hdl.handle.net/10138/336530

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Nygård, H., van Beest, F.M., Bergqvist, L. et al. Decision-Support Tools Used in the Baltic Sea Area: Performance and End-User Preferences. Environmental Management 66, 1024–1038 (2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00267-020-01356-8

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Title: Decision-support tools used in the Baltic Sea area: performance and end-user preferences
Author: Nygård, Henrik; van Beest, Floris M.; Bergqvist, Lisa; Carstensen, Jacob; Gustafsson, Bo G.; Hasler, Berit; Schumacher, Johanna; Schernewski, Gerald; Sokolov, Alexander; Zandersen, Marianne; Fleming, Vivi
Publisher: Springer Link
Date: 2020
Language: en
Belongs to series: Environmental Management 66(6) (2020)
ISSN: 0364-152X
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s00267-020-01356-8
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/336530
Abstract: Decision-support tools (DSTs) synthesize complex information to assist environmental managers in the decision-making process. Here, we review DSTs applied in the Baltic Sea area, to investigate how well the ecosystem approach is reflected in them, how different environmental problems are covered, and how well the tools meet the needs of the end users. The DSTs were evaluated based on (i) a set of performance criteria, (ii) information on end user preferences, (iii) how end users had been involved in tool development, and (iv) what experiences developers/hosts had on the use of the tools. We found that DSTs frequently addressed management needs related to eutrophication, biodiversity loss, or contaminant pollution. The majority of the DSTs addressed human activities, their pressures, or environmental status changes, but they seldom provided solutions for a complete ecosystem approach. In general, the DSTs were scientifically documented and transparent, but confidence in the outputs was poorly communicated. End user preferences were, apart from the shortcomings in communicating uncertainty, well accounted for in the DSTs. Although end users were commonly consulted during the DST development phase, they were not usually part of the development team. Answers from developers/hosts indicate that DSTs are not applied to their full potential. Deeper involvement of end users in the development phase could potentially increase the value and impact of DSTs. As a way forward, we propose streamlining the outputs of specific DSTs, so that they can be combined to a holistic insight of the consequences of management actions and serve the ecosystem approach in a better manner.
Subject: marine management
decision making
ecosystem approach
DAPSIWRM
Baltic Sea
users
end users
environmental changes
environmental problems
ecosystems (ecology)
decision making
climate changes
eutrophication
biodiversity
loss
contamination
conservation of the seas
environmental effects
processes
seas
Subject (ysa): merenhoito
päätöksenteko
ekosysteemin lähestymistapa
Itämeri
käyttäjät
loppukäyttäjät
ympäristönmuutokset
ympäristöongelmat
ekosysteemit (ekologia)
päätöksenteko
ilmastonmuutokset
rehevöityminen
meriensuojelu
ympäristövaikutukset
meret
prosessit
Rights: CC BY 4.0


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