Scientific models in legal judgements: The relationship between law and environmental science as problem-feeding

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http://hdl.handle.net/10138/336726

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Henrik Thorén, Niko Soininen, Niina Kotamäki. Scientific models in legal judgements: The relationship between law and environmental science as problem-feeding. Environmental Science & Policy 124 (2021), 478-484, ISSN 1462-9011. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envsci.2021.07.018

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Title: Scientific models in legal judgements: The relationship between law and environmental science as problem-feeding
Author: Thorén, Henrik; Soininen, Niko; Kotamäki, Niina
Publisher: Elsevier
Date: 2021
Language: en
Belongs to series: Environmental Science & Policy 124 (2021), 478-484
ISSN: 1462-9011
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/336726
Abstract: Legal decision-making often relies on scientific knowledge and information of other kinds, not least in environmental law where legal institutions use environmental modeling to, for example, project expected effects of projects when approving or denying permits. In this paper, using use the problem-feeding model of interdisciplinarity, we analyze this relationship as an exchange of problems and solutions between different communities of expertise. Drawing on recent examples from Finland, we use the problem-feeding model to explore the conditions under which problem-solution coordination breaks down. We argue that tensions between the notions of uncertainty used by the different communities of expertise can lead to differing understandings of the way the relationship between legal institutions and scientific experts works, and that this may disrupt the orderly exchange of problems and solutions. We illustrate our views in a fictional discussion between a lawyer and a modeler.
Description: Highlights • Analysis of the science-law relationship as an interdisciplinary exchange of problems. • The problem-feeding model of interdisciplinarity is used in this analysis. • Highlight mismatches in expectations between actors. • Differing concepts of uncertainty and understandings of values-science central.
Subject: science-for-policy
environmental law
problem-feeding
interdisciplinarity
inductive risk
law
environmental science
analysis
legal decision-making
scientific knowledge
scientific information
legal institutions
environmental modeling
permits
communities of expertise
recent examples
problem-solution coordination
tensions
relationship
relationships
scientific experts
problems
solutions
fictional discussion
lawyer
modeler
Subject (ysa): päätöksenteko
tieteellinen tieto
ympäristöoikeus
tulkinta
poikkitieteisyys
tieteidenvälisyys
mallit (mallintaminen)
epävarmuus
laki
lait
ympäristötiede
analyysi
Rights: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/


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