Modeling Rare Human Disorders in Mice: The Finnish Disease Heritage

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Zárybnický, T.; Heikkinen, A.; Kangas, S.M.; Karikoski, M.; Martínez-Nieto, G.A.; Salo, M.H.; Uusimaa, J.; Vuolteenaho, R.; Hinttala, R.; Sipilä, P.; Kuure, S. Modeling Rare Human Disorders in Mice: The Finnish Disease Heritage. Cells 2021, 10, 3158.

Title: Modeling Rare Human Disorders in Mice: The Finnish Disease Heritage
Author: Zárybnický, Tomáš; Heikkinen, Anne; Kangas, Salla M.; Karikoski, Marika; Martínez-Nieto, Guillermo Antonio; Salo, Miia H.; Uusimaa, Johanna; Vuolteenaho, Reetta; Hinttala, Reetta; Sipilä, Petra; Kuure, Satu
Publisher: Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Date: 2021-11-13
Abstract: The modification of genes in animal models has evidently and comprehensively improved our knowledge on proteins and signaling pathways in human physiology and pathology. In this review, we discuss almost 40 monogenic rare diseases that are enriched in the Finnish population and defined as the Finnish disease heritage (FDH). We will highlight how gene-modified mouse models have greatly facilitated the understanding of the pathological manifestations of these diseases and how some of the diseases still lack proper models. We urge the establishment of subsequent international consortiums to cooperatively plan and carry out future human disease modeling strategies. Detailed information on disease mechanisms brings along broader understanding of the molecular pathways they act along both parallel and transverse to the proteins affected in rare diseases, therefore also aiding understanding of common disease pathologies.

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