Update on Efficacy of Conservative Treatments for Carpal Tunnel Syndrome

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Karjalanen, T.; Raatikainen, S.; Jaatinen, K.; Lusa, V. Update on Efficacy of Conservative Treatments for Carpal Tunnel Syndrome. J. Clin. Med. 2022, 11, 950.

Title: Update on Efficacy of Conservative Treatments for Carpal Tunnel Syndrome
Author: Karjalanen, Teemu; Raatikainen, Saara; Jaatinen, Kati; Lusa, Vieda
Publisher: Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Date: 2022-02-11
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/340171
Abstract: Carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) is the most common upper extremity compression neuropathy. Non-operative interventions are usually the first-line treatments, and surgery is reserved for those that do not achieve a satisfactory symptom state by non-operative means. This narrative review summarizes the current evidence regarding the efficacy of orthoses, corticosteroid injections, platelet-rich plasma injections, Kinesio taping, neurodynamic techniques, gabapentin, therapeutic ultrasound, and extracorporeal shockwave therapy in people with CTS. While many trials suggest small short-term benefits, rigorous evidence of long-term patient-important benefits is limited. To improve the utility of healthcare resources, research in this area should focus on establishing efficacy of each treatment instead of comparing various treatments with uncertain benefits.


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