A Woman with a Sword? : Weapon Grave at Suontaka Vesitorninmäki, Finland

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Moilanen , U , Kirkinen , T , Saari , N J , Rohrlach , A B , Krause , J , Onkamo , P & Salmela , E 2022 , ' A Woman with a Sword? Weapon Grave at Suontaka Vesitorninmäki, Finland ' , European Journal of Archaeology , vol. 25 , no. 1 , 1461957121000309 , pp. 42-60 . https://doi.org/10.1017/eaa.2021.30

Title: A Woman with a Sword? : Weapon Grave at Suontaka Vesitorninmäki, Finland
Author: Moilanen, Ulla; Kirkinen, Tuija; Saari, Nelli Johanna; Rohrlach, Adam B.; Krause, Johannes; Onkamo, Païvi; Salmela, Elina
Contributor organization: Department of Cultures
Organismal and Evolutionary Biology Research Programme
Date: 2022
Language: eng
Number of pages: 19
Belongs to series: European Journal of Archaeology
ISSN: 1461-9571
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1017/eaa.2021.30
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/340641
Abstract: In 1968, a weapon grave with brooches was found at Suontaka Vesitorninmäki, Hattula, Finland. Since then, the grave has been interpreted as evidence of powerful women, even female warriors and leaders in early medieval Finland. Others have denied the possibility of a woman buried with a sword and tried to explain it as a double burial. We present the first modern analysis of the grave, including an examination of its context, a soil sample analysis for microremains, and an aDNA analysis. Based on these analyses, we suggest a new interpretation: the Suontaka grave possibly belonged to an individual with sex-chromosomal aneuploidy XXY. The overall context of the grave indicates that it was a respected person whose gender identity may well have been non-binary.
Description: Publisher Copyright: © 2021 European Association of Archaeologists.
Subject: 615 History and Archaeology
burial archaeology
gender archaeology
Klinefelter syndrome
sword graves
Peer reviewed: Yes
Rights: cc_by
Usage restriction: openAccess
Self-archived version: publishedVersion

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