Interplay of policy experimentation and institutional change in sustainability transitions: The case of mobility as a service in Finland

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http://urn.fi/URN:NBN:fi-fe2022050432740 http://hdl.handle.net/10138/343316

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Paula Kivimaa, Karoline S. Rogge. Interplay of policy experimentation and institutional change in sustainability transitions: The case of mobility as a service in Finland. Research Policy volume 51, issue 1 (2022), 104412, ISSN 0048-7333. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.respol.2021.104412

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Title: Interplay of policy experimentation and institutional change in sustainability transitions: The case of mobility as a service in Finland
Author: Kivimaa, Paula; Rogge, Karoline S.
Contributor organization: Suomen ympäristökeskus
The Finnish Environment Institute
Publisher: Elsevier BV
Date: 2022
Language: en
Belongs to series: Research Policy
ISSN: 0048-7333
1873-7625
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.respol.2021.104412
URI: http://urn.fi/URN:NBN:fi-fe2022050432740
http://hdl.handle.net/10138/343316
Abstract: While experimentation is at the heart of sustainability transitions, little attention has been paid to policy experimentation and its effects in advancing transitions. Drawing on the literatures on policy experimentation and institutional change in the context of sustainability transitions, we analyse an in-depth case study of the development of Mobility as a Service (MaaS) in Finland – one of the first countries globally to advance MaaS by government support. Our findings show how a potentially disruptive innovation, MaaS, can be traced back to a longer process of administrative reorientation and restructuring, i.e. gradual transformation in institutions, and has benefitted from cycles of policy experimentation, combined with the sequencing of policy strategies and further changes in the policy mix. Administrative restructuring has enabled policy experimentation that has led - via new vision building, networking and learning - to major regulatory change allowing market creation for MaaS. We conclude that the dynamics of policy mixes in transitions are influenced by short-term policy experimentation and long-term institutional change. More generally, institutional change is vital for enabling a favourable context for policy experimentation in sustainability transitions that in turn provides cognitive and normative learning to inform further institutional change.
Description: Highlights • Focus on policy experimentation and institutional change in transitions. • Two types of policy experiments identified in relation to innovation policy. • An in-depth case study of mobility as a service (MaaS) in Finland is presented. • Institutional change enables conducive context for policy experimentation. • Learning from policy experimentation can push transformative institutional change.
Subject: kestävä kehitys
muutos
innovaatiot
politiikka
kokeilu
tapaustutkimus
liikenne
kulkutavat
kuljetus
palvelut
Suomi
Subject (yso): innovation policy
sustainability transitions
policy experiments
transport
mobility-as-a-service
MaaS
Finland
Rights: CC BY 4.0


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