Biodiversity conservation and international funding – perceptions of current challenges and development needs by stakeholders operating in Madagascar

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http://urn.fi/URN:NBN:fi:hulib-202205101851
Title: Biodiversity conservation and international funding – perceptions of current challenges and development needs by stakeholders operating in Madagascar
Alternative title: Luonnon monimonimuotoisuuden suojelu ja kansainvälinen rahoitus – Madagaskarilla toimivien sidosryhmien käsityksiä nykyisistä haasteista ja kehittämistarpeista
Author: Blomberg, Laura
Other contributor: Helsingin yliopisto, Maatalous-metsätieteellinen tiedekunta
University of Helsinki, Faculty of Agriculture and Forestry
Helsingfors universitet, Agrikultur- och forstvetenskapliga fakulteten
Publisher: Helsingin yliopisto
Date: 2022
Language: eng
URI: http://urn.fi/URN:NBN:fi:hulib-202205101851
http://hdl.handle.net/10138/343493
Thesis level: master's thesis
Degree program: Metsätieteiden maisteriohjelma
Master 's Programme in Forest Sciences
Magisterprogrammet i skogsvetenskaper
Specialisation: Metsien ekologia ja käyttö
Forest ecology and management
Skogsekologi och resurshållning
Abstract: Since the 1980s, international funding provided by diverse and changing donors has significantly changed Madagascar’s conservation landscape. The various challenges and development needs related to biodiversity conservation and its international funding have long been known to the international community and solutions have been sought. Despite this, deforestation and the destruction of the environment in Madagascar continue. The aim of this study was to identify the perceptions of various stakeholders on the current challenges and development needs for biodiversity conservation and its international funding in Madagascar by using qualitative methods. This study was based on 26 semi-structured interviews. The interviewees represented stakeholders involved in internationally funded biodiversity conservation projects in Madagascar. 14 of these interviews were conducted specifically for this study. The remaining, 12 interviews were from the material collected for the research project “Conservation Legacies: Understanding the Long-term Impacts of Private Foundation Investment in International Biodiversity Conservation”. The qualitative content analysis combining a deductive and inductive approach revealed a number of different challenges and development needs that were strongly interlinked. The identified challenges were related to, for example, weak governance and its different indicators, political instabilities, poverty and internal migration, donor requirements, insufficient amount of funding, funding gaps, dependency of international funding, donor-driven priority setting, lack of coordination, and the challenges posed by the operating environment. The identified development needs included the need for longer funding cycles, flexibility, stronger local participation, more holistic and cross-sectoral approaches, and involvement of private sector. Extensive cooperation across actors and sectors is still needed to tackle the challenges and put development needs into practice. Without this, there is a risk that the objectives for conserving biodiversity and making development aid more effective will not be achieved. Achieving these objectives would be supported by research into how the prioritisation and ownership of biodiversity conservation could be increasingly transferred to the local level, while ensuring that all aspects of sustainable development - social, ecological and economic – are considered.
Subject: Biodiversity conservation
international funding
development cooperation
development assistance
Madagascar


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