Unveiling the complexity and ecological function of aquatic macrophyte-animal networks in coastal ecosystems

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Manca , F , Mulà , C , Gustafsson , C , Mauri , A , Roslin , T , Thomas , D N , Benedetti-Cecchi , L , Norkko , A & Strona , G 2022 , ' Unveiling the complexity and ecological function of aquatic macrophyte-animal networks in coastal ecosystems ' , Biological Reviews , vol. 97 , no. 4 , pp. 1306-1324 . https://doi.org/10.1111/brv.12842

Title: Unveiling the complexity and ecological function of aquatic macrophyte-animal networks in coastal ecosystems
Author: Manca, Federica; Mulà, Clelia; Gustafsson, Camilla; Mauri, Achille; Roslin, Tomas; Thomas, David Neville; Benedetti-Cecchi, Lisandro; Norkko, Alf; Strona, Giovanni
Contributor organization: Ecological Data Science
Organismal and Evolutionary Biology Research Programme
Ecosystems and Environment Research Programme
Biological stations
Tvärminne Benthic Ecology Team
Marine Ecosystems Research Group
Tvärminne Zoological Station
Department of Agricultural Sciences
Biosciences
Spatial Foodweb Ecology Group
Date: 2022-08
Language: eng
Number of pages: 19
Belongs to series: Biological Reviews
ISSN: 1464-7931
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/brv.12842
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/345995
Abstract: Network theory offers innovative tools to explore the complex ecological mechanisms regulating species associations and interactions. Although interest in ecological networks has grown steadily during the last two decades, the application of network approaches has been unequally distributed across different study systems: while some kinds of interactions (e.g. plant–pollinator and host–parasite) have been extensively investigated, others remain relatively unexplored. Among the latter, aquatic macrophyte–animal associations in coastal environments have been largely neglected, despite their major role in littoral ecosystems. The ubiquity of macrophyte systems, their accessibility and multi-faceted ecological, economical and societal importance make macrophyte–animal systems an ideal subject for ecological network science. In fact, macrophyte–animal networks offer an aquatic counterpart to terrestrial plant–animal networks. In this review, we show how the application of network analysis to aquatic macrophyte–animal associations has the potential to broaden our understanding of how coastal ecosystems function. Network analysis can also provide a key to understanding how such ecosystems will respond to on-going and future threats from anthropogenic disturbance and environmental change. For this, we: (i) identify key issues that have limited the application of network theory and modelling to aquatic animal– macrophyte associations; (ii) illustrate through examples based on empirical data how network analysis can offer new insights on the complexity and functioning of coastal ecosystems; and (iii) provide suggestions for how to design future studies and establish this new research line into network ecology.
Subject: DIVERSITY
DOMINANT SUBTIDAL MACROALGAE
FOOD WEBS
FORMING ALGAE
INVERTEBRATE COMMUNITIES
MARINE
MUTUALISTIC NETWORKS
PLANT
SPECIES COOCCURRENCE NETWORKS
TROPHIC INTERACTIONS
associations
bipartite networks
coastal ecosystems
ecological networks
macroalgae
macrofauna
macrophytes
seagrasses
1181 Ecology, evolutionary biology
Peer reviewed: Yes
Rights: cc_by_nc
Usage restriction: openAccess
Self-archived version: publishedVersion


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