Proposal of environmental quality standards for plant protection products

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Title: Proposal of environmental quality standards for plant protection products
Author: Kontiokari, Venla; Mattsoff, Leona
Publisher: Finnish Environment Institute
Date: 2011
Belongs to series: The Finnish Environment 7/2011
ISBN: 978-952-11-3870-6
ISSN: 1796-1637
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/37029
Abstract: Plant protection products are used in agriculture and forestry to protect crops from weeds, pests and plant diseases. These products are developed to be toxic to target species, but they are often toxic to non-target species also. Since they are spread purposely into the environment, they may also leach to surface waters. The Water Framework Directive (WFD) of the European Parliament and Council was adopted in 2000. The purpose of this Directive is the protection of inland surface and ground waters. The WFD aims for a reduction of discharges of hazardous substances, and good chemical status should be achieved in aquatic environments. Considering plant protection products, good chemical status is achieved when the concentrations of active substances in surface waters do not exceed the environmental quality standards set for those substances. In this publication EQS values have been set for all active substances on the market in Finland in 2010 based on the EU draft guidance document. In addition, the derived EQS values have been compared to monitoring data available for plant protection products. Moreover, the environmental quality standards support the implementation of the Framework Directive on Sustainable Use of Pesticides. This directive necessitates that the amount and risks of plant protection products used should be decreased. This is achieved when risk mitigation options are used if the measured concentrations exceed the environmental quality standards.
Subject: torjunta-aineet
haitalliset aineet
kemikaalit
kasvinsuojelu
vesistövaikutukset
vesistönkuormitus
pitoisuus
vesistöt
enimmäispitoisuudet
ohjearvot
vedenlaatu
normit
seuranta


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