The challenge of climate change adaptation in urban planning. FINADAPT Working Paper 13

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Title: The challenge of climate change adaptation in urban planning. FINADAPT Working Paper 13
Author: Peltonen, Lasse; Haanpää, Simo; Lehtonen, Samuli
Belongs to series: Finnish Environment Institute Mimeographs 343 (Suomen ympäristökeskuksen moniste 343)
ISSN: 1455-0792
ISBN: 952-11-2123-8
Abstract: Based on a literature review and a series of round-table discussions with actors engaged in urban planning, this paper addresses adaptation issues relevant in urban planning. Different adaptation challenges are discussed, together with aspects of vulnerability such as awareness, geographical context, institutional frames and organisational capacities. The round table discussions took place in three different locations in Finland, reflecting different geographical and socio-economical conditions. Throughout the report is argued that the perspective of vulnerability should receive more attention in climate change adaptation. The determinants of vulnerability include 1) awareness, 2) place-based, geographical and socio-economic characteristics and 3) institutional and organisational determinants. Climate change is still seen as a distant phenomenon in planning. Awareness should be enhanced by increasing planners? training in climate related topics and integrating climate change issues as one parameter in spatial planning. The effects of climate change vary in Finland, according to regional and local patterns of vulnerability. Some main concerns include sudden urban floods inland and land uplift and sea-level rise in coastal cities. Socio-economic development trends like urban sprawl, together with current trends in building offer alternative challenges to settlements. Regulations should provide a framework for planning safe environments taking changing climatic conditions into consideration. The report stresses the spatial dimensions of vulnerability and adaptation. Present instruments of planning and regulation are largely sufficient for dealing with a changing climate. However, plans at different levels should identify areas affected by climate related hazards and risks. This requires developing regional climate change assessments. Updating guidance and clarification of responsibilities is needed and risk-based planning instruments should be developed. Extreme events should be a focus studied and documented to develop best practices in climate change adaptation.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/41059
Date: 2005
Subject: FINADAPT
Subject (ysa): ilmastonmuutokset
sopeutuminen
yhdyskuntasuunnittelu
rantarakentaminen
tulvat


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