Diversity of long terminal repeat retrotransposon genome distribution in natural populations of the wild diploid wheat Aegilops speltoides

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Hosid , E , Brodsky , L , Kalendar , R , Raskina , O & Belyayev , A 2012 , ' Diversity of long terminal repeat retrotransposon genome distribution in natural populations of the wild diploid wheat Aegilops speltoides ' , Genetics , vol. 190 , no. 1 , pp. 263-274 . https://doi.org/10.1534/genetics.111.134643

Title: Diversity of long terminal repeat retrotransposon genome distribution in natural populations of the wild diploid wheat Aegilops speltoides
Author: Hosid, Elena; Brodsky, Leonid; Kalendar, Ruslan; Raskina, Olga; Belyayev, Alexander
Contributor: University of Helsinki, Institute of Biotechnology
Date: 2012
Language: eng
Number of pages: 16
Belongs to series: Genetics
ISSN: 0016-6731
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/42722
Abstract: Background: The environment can have a decisive influence on the structure of the genome, changing it in a certain direction. Therefore, the genomic distribution of environmentally sensitive transposable elements may vary measurably across a species area. In the present research, we aimed to detect and evaluate the level of LTR retrotransposon intraspecific variability in Aegilops speltoides (2n=2x=14), a wild cross-pollinated relative of cultivated wheat. Results: The inter-retrotransposon amplified polymorphism (IRAP) protocol was applied to detect and evaluate the level of LTR retrotransposon intraspecific variability in Ae. speltoides and closely related species of sect. Sitopsis. IRAP analysis revealed significant diversity in TE distribution. Various genotypes from the same population significantly differ with respect to the patterns of the four explored LTR retrotransposons (WIS2, Wilma, Daniela, and Fatima). This diversity points to a constant ongoing process of LTR retrotransposon fraction restructuring in populations of Ae. speltoides throughout the species’ range and within single populations in time. Maximum changes were recorded in genotypes from small stressed populations. Principal component analysis showed that the dynamics of the Fatima element in populations of Ae. speltoides significantly differ from those of WIS2, Wilma, and Daniela. In terms of relationships between Sitopsis species, IRAP analysis of WIS2, Wilma, and Daniela elements revealed a grouping similar to groupings determined by other methods, with Ae. sharonensis and Ae. longissima forming a separate unit, Ae. speltoides appearing as a dispersed group, and Ae. bicornis being in an intermediate position. Conclusions: IRAP display data revealed dynamic changes in LTR retrotransposon fractions in the genome of Ae. speltoides. The process is permanent and population-specific, ultimately leading to the separation of small stressed populations from the main bunch.
Subject: 1181 Ecology, evolutionary biology
Aegilops
IRAP
retrotransposons
populations
wheat
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