Worksite Fitness Policy in an Intellectual Capital Framework

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http://urn.fi/URN:ISBN:951-555-935-9
Title: Worksite Fitness Policy in an Intellectual Capital Framework
Author: Aura, Ossi
Contributor: Swedish School of Economics and Business Administration, Department of Management and Organisation, Management and Organisation
Publisher: Svenska handelshögskolan
Date: 2006-11-30
Belongs to series: Economics and Society - 164
ISBN: 951-555-935-9
ISSN: 0424-7256
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10227/229
http://urn.fi/URN:ISBN:951-555-935-9
Thesis level: Doctoral thesis
Abstract: In a framework of Intellectual Capital (IC), the effects and interactions of a Worksite Fitness Program (WFP) policy was studied with a multidisciplinary approach. In a preliminary study, indicators for physical activity (PAI), physical fitness (PFI), activity in WFP on a regular (WFPI) and on a events basis (WFPE) were created in line with positive findings regarding the associations between physical activity and fitness patterns and sick leave, perceived health, and self-assessed work ability. The intensity of physical activity was found to be the most important variable to predict positive associations with the above mentioned wellness parameters. In four case study follow-up settings, the effects and interactions of physical activity and fitness patterns and the company’s WFP-policy on different elements of IC were studied. Qualitative methods were applied in constructing indicators and a descriptive IC measure for each case company. In cross-sectional and follow-up settings, several findings with respect to IC were found regarding physical activity in general and activity in WFP in particular. Findings were relatively strong in health and wellness related indicators in Human Capital, where, as also in Structural Capital indicators such as the company climate and employee-superior relationship, revealed positive associations. Physical activity patterns were found to act in minor role in Relational Capital. Overall, WFP was seen to be an integrated part of Structural Capital. From the viewpoint of Worksite Fitness Program as a phenomenon, this study positioned WFP as an active element of Intellectual Capital. The literature in the field of WFP emphasizes the role of WFP as an instrument to activate employees in physical activity, and thus promote their health and wellbeing. With the wider perspective the active and long range WFP policy can support a company’s Structural and Relational Capital in line with the fundamental role it has on Human Capital.
Subject: capital
worksite fitness program
human resource management
indicators
physical activity
physical fitness
policy
work ability
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