The Gendered Social Organisation of Defence: Two Ethnographic Case Studies in the Finnish Defence Forces

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http://urn.fi/URN:ISBN:978-952-232-020-9
Title: The Gendered Social Organisation of Defence: Two Ethnographic Case Studies in the Finnish Defence Forces
Author: Tallberg, Teemu
Contributor: Hanken School of Economics, Department of Management and Organisation, Management and Organisation
Publisher: Svenska handelshögskolan
Date: 2009-04-07
Belongs to series: Economics and Society - 193
ISBN: 978-952-232-020-9
ISSN: 0424-7256
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10227/312
http://urn.fi/URN:ISBN:978-952-232-020-9
Thesis level: Doctoral thesis
Abstract: In Finland the organising of defence is undergoing vast restructuring. Recent legislation has redefined the central tasks of the Finnish Defence Forces. At the same time, international security cooperation, economic pressures and new administrative paradigms have steered the military towards new ways of organising. National defence is not just politics and principles; to a large extent it is also enacted in day-to-day life in organisations. The lens through which these realities of defence are analysed in this study is gender. How is the security sector – and national defence as part of it – organised in the changing security environment? What is the new division of labour between different societal actors in the face of security challenges? What happens ‘at work’ within the military and the defence sector more broadly? How does gender affect the way in which defence is organised and understood, and how do the changes in the organising of security affect gender relations? The thesis searches for answers to these questions in the context of two organisational settings in the male-dominated defence sector. The case study on a Finnish peacekeeping unit in the Balkans opens a critical view on men’s social practices and the everyday life of crisis management organisations. In the second case study, reorganising of provisioning in the Finnish Defence Forces turns out to be a complicated process where different power relations and social divisions intermingle. Tallberg’s extensive ethnographic fieldwork in the two focal organisations has produced a detailed set of data that lays the basis for critical analysis and policy development in terms of defence organising, cooperation around peace and security issues, and gender equality in organisations. Observations and results are provided for understanding social networks, militarisation, authority relations, care, public-private partnerships, personnel policies, career planning, and humour.
Subject: civil-military relations
ethnography
the finnish defence forces
gender
masculinities
men
military
new public management
peacekeeping
security
social networks
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