Quality and yield of pulpwood in drained peatland forests: Pulpwood properties of Scots pine in stands of first commercial thinnings

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http://hdl.handle.net/1975/446

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Silva Fennica 37: 343-357

Title: Quality and yield of pulpwood in drained peatland forests: Pulpwood properties of Scots pine in stands of first commercial thinnings
Author: Varhimo, Antero; Kojola, Soili; Penttilä, Timo; Laiho, Raija
Abstract: The inherent structural dynamics of drained peatland forests may result in a great variation in various wood and fi ber properties. We examined variation in fi ber and pulp properties i) among stands, ii) among trees within stands, and iii) within trees in young stands dominated by Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris L.). The stands, selected to cover a maximal range of the potential variation, were all at a stage of development where the fi rst commercial thinnings would be feasible. Differences in the processability of the thinning removals were small. In similar kraft cooking conditions, a 5-unit variation in the kappa number of unbleached pulp was observed among the stands. Stand origin had no effect on pulp bleaching. The wood formed prior to drainage had a higher density, shorter fi bers, was slightly slower delignifi ed by cooking, and its yield was slightly lower than that of post-drainage wood. These properties, except for high density, are typical for juvenile wood in general, and at stand level they did not correlate with the proportion of pre-drainage wood. When the variation in fi ber and pulp properties was broken down into its components, most of it was derived from tree-level in all the cases. On average, the fi ber and pulp properties did not differ from those observed for fi rst-thinning pulpwood from upland sites. Consequently, peatland-grown pulpwood may be mixed with other pulpwood in industrial processes. It would probably be best suited as the raw material for pulps with high bonding requirements, e.g. in the top ply of multi-ply board grades or in some specialty grades.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/1975/446
Date: 2003
Subject: fiber
peatland
Pinus sylvestris
pulping
pulpwood
silviculture
thinning


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